Spatial Vision and Strategic Objectives

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Comment

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 113

Received: 12/01/2019

Respondent: Mrs Marilyn Hicks

Representation:

3.7 "Maintain and enhance the countryside between settlements" - on the A259 between Emsworth and Chichester this vision/objective does not appear to have been adhered to.

Full text:

3.7 "Maintain and enhance the countryside between settlements" - on the A259 between Emsworth and Chichester this vision/objective does not appear to have been adhered to.

Object

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 155

Received: 15/01/2019

Respondent: West Wittering Parish Council

Representation:

Para 3.11 The Parish Council challenges the assertion that the provision of new dwellings will make the area more self contained. This needs more robust evidence. Currently the village of East Wittering has lost 4 banks, a holiday centre and a large pub and businesses rely heavily on seasonal tourism for trade. New homes without new local jobs will be a drain on current infrastructure. market homes are likely to add to the number of residents getting off the peninsular for work and will therefore not reduce the areas reliance on Chichester city centre.

Full text:

The Parish Council challenges the assertion that the provision of new dwellings will make the area more self contained. This needs more robust evidence. Currently the village of East Wittering has lost 4 banks, a holiday centre and a large pub and businesses rely heavily on seasonal tourism for trade. New homes without new local jobs will be a drain on current infrastructure. market homes are likely to add to the number of residents getting off the peninsular for work and will therefore not reduce the areas reliance on Chichester city centre.

In addition:

1 The funding for the £65m to carryout the road mitigation measures for the A27 etc exceeds the figure which could reasonable be obtained by developer contributions. The ability to delivery these measures to mitigate the additional traffic arising from the local plan housing numbers is therefore uncertain. The local plan should therefore set out how it plans to deal with this major uncertainty. This could possibly be achieved by having clearly defined phasing with trigger points which require a change in approach, or the housing numbers reduced. This has happened before with road mitigation works not being delivered because of lack of funding (Selsey Tram)
2 There are major concerns about the strategic industrial / housing site AL6 (Land South West of Chichester Apluldram & Donnington). This requires the construction of a Link road between Fishbourne Birdham Lane at Donnington. This site is at risk of both tidal and fluvial flooding on ground which already has a high-water table and no consideration is given to rising sea level associated with climate change. To quote WSCC who are the Lead Local Flood Authority (LLFA) 'These limits how the site can be effectively drained without a step change from typically employed methods to embrace more innovative and currently expensive options'. This site should be rejected and replaced by AL4, which is in the current Local Plan, even if this requires compulsory purchase powers to acquire it.
3 The above link road combined with the proposed A27 junction designs at Stockbridge and Whyke which bans right turns would result in significant forecast changes to traffic flows on the Manhood Peninsula. As WSCC, as the Highways Authority, points out it requires further feasibility work before the Local Plan is submitted to show that the transport strategy can be delivered and funded.
4 Both CDC and WSCC promoted a Mitigated Northern Route for the A27 at Chichester as the preferred option. Policy S30 which introduces 'wildlife corridors' conflicts with the ability to deliver a Northern Route. Policy S30 requires amending so that it does not exclude the possibility of a Northern Route. There cannot be any policy which excludes the possibility of a Northern route.
5 Additional traffic at the Fishbourne roundabout should be assessed in terms of air quality and accident numbers.

Attachments:

Object

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 156

Received: 15/01/2019

Respondent: West Wittering Parish Council

Representation:

Para 3.12 is challenged by the Parish Council. Evidence that the recent 350 homes have contributed to the commercial and social well being of East Wittering is not provided. Infrastructure is overloaded (schools Medical facilities) Unemployment is higher so where are the jobs that are supposed to have been created as a result of new homes.

Full text:

Policy 3.12 is challenged by the Parish Council. Evidence that the recent 350 homes have contributed to the commercial and social well being of East Wittering is not provided. Infrastructure is overloaded (schools Medical facilities) Unemployment is higher so where are the jobs that are supposed to have been created as a result of new homes.

Object

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 157

Received: 15/01/2019

Respondent: West Wittering Parish Council

Representation:

No evidence that jobs have been created by building more market homes

Full text:

The Parish Council challenges 3.13 - Local industries such as horticulture, agriculture, fishing and tourism will flourish with a particular focus on local food production. An 'enterprise' culture, building on high levels of entrepreneurship and self-employment, will be developed further by, for example, improving links with academic institutions in Chichester. There is no evidence that these industries will flourish if more housing is provided. If any jobs have been created and this needs to be evidenced, they tend to be seasonal and low paid and taken up by students or temporary migrant workers. Additional homes on green fields detract from the reason tourists visit the area. Countryside needs to remain for the tourist trade to prosper as people do not visit the area to look at housing estates.

Object

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 227

Received: 29/01/2019

Respondent: Sustrans

Representation:

The East West corridor is proposed to take 80% of new housing. It is stated that it has good transport links: however this is not true for CYCLING.. This corridor between Chichester and Emsworth is also the route of NCN2 strategic cycle network route (currently A259), A MAJOR INFRASTRUCTURE REQUIREMENT for all new housing proposals, especially for Chichester, Bosham, Chidham and Southbourne must be to fund the necessary improvements to this route. Also various feeder cycle routes are needed to link in to NCN2 .

Full text:

The East West corridor is proposed to take 80% of new housing as it has environmental and communications advantages compared with other parts of the plan area.. It is stated that it has good transport links for public transport and travel by car; however this is not true for CYCLING or walking... This corridor between Chichester and Emsworth is also the route of NCN 2 [ Dover to Truro] strategic cycle network route (currently along the A259),and as this route is currently identified as inadequate by the highways authority and Highways England Sustrans believes that it is A MAJOR INFRASTUCTURE REQUIREMENT for all new housing proposals, especially for Chichester, Fishbourne, Bosham, Chidham and Southbourne is to fund the necessary improvements to this route. which are soon to be identified by the highways authority Also various feeder cycle and walking routes are needed to link in to NCN2 from these new housing areas and to existing villages and attractions.

Currently the major housing allocations have insufficient and lukewarm proposals for improvements to the cycling/walking networks and the Infrastructure Delivery Plans which will follow after the plan's agreement must contain the necessary projects and funding for these facilities.
The proposals for the villages between Chichester and Emsworth will substanially increase their population over the plan period. There does not appear to be any sub- plan strategy or vision for these important settlements other than simply housing growth. Each allocation, AL 7, 9 10 and 13 are treated in isolation from each other. No differentiation of current or future roles or character is proposed other than apparently becoming larger housing settlements. The plan therefore is missing an opportunity to establish roles and characteristics which build on their current attributes.

Comment

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 260

Received: 20/01/2019

Respondent: Steve Blighton-Sande

Representation:

"Move around safely and conveniently with opportunities to choose alternatives to car travel"

I believe this should be strengthened to encouraging modal shift from car travel, which in turn would require interventions such as continuous cycle routes and increased frequency of bus routes

Full text:

"Move around safely and conveniently with opportunities to choose alternatives to car travel"

I believe this should be strengthened to encouraging modal shift from car travel, which in turn would require interventions such as continuous cycle routes and increased frequency of bus routes

Object

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 339

Received: 30/01/2019

Respondent: Mr Jim McAuslan

Representation:

The focus on the Manhood and East/West will not allow local residents to pursue a healthy lifestyle.
Nor is the premise that this plan will allow local communities to retain their distinctiveness is not true.Donnington will blend into Fishbourne and Appludram with Site AL6
The contention that Southbourne has good transport links is not true.
The SDNP is becoming a monument of the past and not a vision of how it can grow. We need affordable properties in the SDNP for local people and stop them being priced out by retirees from London.

Full text:

The focus on the Manhood and East/West will not allow local residents to pursue a healthy lifestyle.
Nor is the premise that this plan will allow local communities to retain their distinctiveness is not true.Donnington will blend into Fishbourne and Appludram with Site AL6
The contention that Southbourne has good transport links is not true.
The SDNP is becoming a monument of the past and not a vision of how it can grow. We need affordable properties in the SDNP for local people and stop them being priced out by retirees from London.

Object

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 421

Received: 28/01/2019

Respondent: Mr Graeme Barrett

Representation:

In addressing the Manhood Peninsula over the past few years some 700 jobs have been lost leaving employment facilities empty or being replaced by housing. This Plan does not address the regeneration of large scale employment on the Peninsula thus requiring all new working residents to travel into Chichester and beyond, noting that junction upgrades to the A27 will not be completed for some 15 years.

Full text:

Resident of West Wittering
In addressing the Manhood Peninsula over the past few years some 700 jobs have been lost leaving employment facilities empty or being replaced by housing. This Plan does not address the regeneration of large scale employment on the Peninsula thus requiring all new working residents to travel into Chichester and beyond, noting that junction upgrades to the A27 will not be completed for some 15 years.

Object

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 481

Received: 06/02/2019

Respondent: Mrs Zoe Neal

Representation:

Laudable Vision Objectives but not seen through in the actual plan. Policies with an acute disregard for historic, nationally recognised views of Cathedral and natural landscapes, protected wildlife habitats and Grade 1 agricultural land in the Local Plan area. Huge increases in Air, Noise, Light and Soil Pollution. Chichester's main economies - agriculture and tourism on the Manhood Peninsula are snubbed in the Plan's objectives. Have key stakeholders including Chichester Harbour AONB, RSPB, CPRE and National Trust been consulted on this draft Local Plan prior to publication? It is obvious the SDNP have been.

Full text:

This is an aspirational and laudable vision but it is not reflected within the actual Policies in the Plan. 3.19 The Objectives of the Chichester Local Plan to be achieved by 2035

ENVIRONMENT
AONBs are designated by the Government for the purpose of ensuring that the finest landscapes in England and Wales are conserved and enhanced. In planning policy terms they have the highest status of protection in relation to landscape and scenic beauty, equal to National Parks.
The NPPF states that great weight should be given to conserving and enhancing landscape and scenic beauty of AONBs (para 172).

Policy AL6 - to accommodate a raised road, industrial estate and minimum of 100 dwellings Causing Destruction of:

Wildlife habitats-
"Landscapes of great wildlife importance", proven habitats for nationally protected species thus the loss of this areas' important biodiversity and habitat fragmentation on the fringes of the AONB.

Landscape and Heritage-
"...the rural foreground in views to the Cathedral from Chichester Harbour" and of the Cathedral from the sea, the last remaining view of a Cathedral from the coast in England. The views of the South Downs framing this historic, famous Cathedral.

"... the landscape pattern that dates from the late post-medieval planned private enclosure associated with Apuldram Hamlet"

Many of these fields earmarked for development were covenanted to the National Trust many years ago for the protection of these vital assets.

(The quotes are taken from Landscape Appendix: Chichester District Council Landscape Capacity Study)

Increasing noise, light, soil and air pollution:

An elevated link road will negatively impact on the dark skies area of the AONB across this flat harbour area. The increase in noise pollution from the industrial park and raised road will destroy the value of the AONB. Any mitigation will obliterate the historic Landscape views of the Cathedral from the harbour.

Air pollution will increase with the mitigation described in PBS Transport Study and CDC will violate air quality levels throughout the plan period

ECONOMY
Rural Economy
West Sussex Grower's Association show in their Growing Together Strategic Plan 2017, West Sussex produces over £1billion in annual sales of fruit, vegetables, salads and plants and employs more than 9,000 people, employing 65% in the Chichester area. They proceed to state that their members require additional land for the successful growth of the local horticultural industry. The Local Plan area has the best natural light, longest daylight hours and some of the most fertile agricultural soils in the county, yet we are destroying this prized asset by building on it. This does little to grow the rural economy as stated in the objectives.

Tourism
Tourism from the Manhood Peninsula alone brings in £141m annually, attracting large numbers of visitors with its blue flag beaches, sailing opportunities and nature sites at Chichester AONB, Pagham and Medmerry harbours. There is no mention in this section of growing Chichester's sustainable tourism economy with an environmental focus.

3.7 The planning policies for the areas of Donnington & Apuldram, Fishbourne, Bosham, Chidham and Hambrook in or in the vicinity of the AONB do not maintain nor enhance the countryside between settlements they merely propose to develop these agriculturally valuable countryside fields!

Cross Boundary Strategic Objectives
3.18 Spatial Priority 9- states that the SDNP will work together with partners to ensure that the rural parts of the sub-region benefit from long term sustainable growth. Residents within the park area are complaining of the closing of local schools and shops due to no affordable housing, however Chichester District Council have agreed to the SDNP refusal of 41 affordable homes per annum over a 5 year period. Areas of the SDNP are becoming on a par to Venice.

Comment

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 488

Received: 31/01/2019

Respondent: Mrs Glenda Baum

Representation:

3.11 This implies that Selsey is a reasonably self sufficient dormitory town to Chichester. Does the plan refer to the 250 houses in Park Lane planned for 2029 which are outside the current Settlement area? There have been and will be more windfall developments and the nearly 10,00 residents plus 10,000 visitors can only come and go ion only one already over-congested road. Moreover, Selsey is liable to coastal flooding and could get cut off. Any Emergency Resilience PLan would be stretched to cope.

Full text:

3.11 This implies that Selsey is a reasonably self sufficient dormitory town to Chichester. Does the plan refer to the 250 houses in Park Lane planned for 2029 which are outside the current Settlement area? There have been and will be more windfall developments and the nearly 10,00 residents plus 10,000 visitors can only come and go ion only one already over-congested road. Moreover, Selsey is liable to coastal flooding and could get cut off. Any Emergency Resilience PLan would be stretched to cope.

Comment

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 489

Received: 31/01/2019

Respondent: Mrs Glenda Baum

Representation:

3.12 Comment: Firstly, our unique position as a cul-de-sac makes Selsey unlikely ever to a focus for new commercial development. Our best chance of improving our economy is by tourism. Developing East Beach will be good start, but will CDC finance a scheme which will take us forward to 2029 and beyond.
Secondly, RSPB is not designed to be easy to access for visitors, but to conserve the birds. Medmerry is largely inaccessible to all except the very fit.
Thirdly, and most important, what can CDC do to facilitate good class hotel accommodation on the Manhood?

Full text:

3.12 Comment: Firstly, our unique position as a cul-de-sac makes Selsey unlikely ever to a focus for new commercial development. Our best chance of improving our economy is by tourism. Developing East Beach will be good start, but will CDC finance a scheme which will take us forward to 2029 and beyond.
Secondly, RSPB is not designed to be easy to access for visitors, but to conserve the birds. Medmerry is largely inaccessible to all except the very fit.
Thirdly, and most important, what can CDC do to facilitate good class hotel accommodation on the Manhood?

Comment

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 490

Received: 31/01/2019

Respondent: Mrs Glenda Baum

Representation:

3.19: Our `Vision' Exercise shows that there is a need for shoe shop and clothing for older people who cannot order on line. Such retails businesses are unlikely to be profitable unless we can increase visitor numbers throughout the year.

Full text:

3.19: Our `Vision' Exercise shows that there is a need for shoe shop and clothing for older people who cannot order on line. Such retails businesses are unlikely to be profitable unless we can increase visitor numbers throughout the year.

Comment

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 492

Received: 31/01/2019

Respondent: Mrs Glenda Baum

Representation:

The quality and appearance of our most recent development, East Beach Walk (EBW), is not fit for purpose. This is because of previously known high level of ground water. . The residents Facebook page relates houses have damp floors and carpets needing replacement and badly fitting doors and windows. All future developments should have real mitigation against becoming boggy. Finally, the design of most new estates, EBW among others, is boring being almost unifrom red brick boxes with small windows. What has happened to modern architecture that is pleasing to look at, functional and is designed for the particular location?

Full text:

The quality and appearance of our most recent development, East Beach Walk (EBW), is not fit for purpose. This is because of previously known high level of ground water. . The residents Facebook page relates houses have damp floors and carpets needing replacement and badly fitting doors and windows. All future developments should have real mitigation against becoming boggy. Finally, the design of most new estates, EBW among others, is boring being almost unifrom red brick boxes with small windows. What has happened to modern architecture that is pleasing to look at, functional and is designed for the particular location?

Comment

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 509

Received: 05/02/2019

Respondent: Mr Pieter Montyn

Representation:

east west corridor 3.7
This conflicts with 3.10 as large developments are indicated at Fishbourne (including the link road and roundabout changes), Bosham, Southbourne, Chidham and Hambrook
The Plan and these two statements will have to altered and amended in order to bring harmony

Full text:

east west corridor 3.7
This conflicts with 3.10 as large developments are indicated at Fishbourne (including the link road and roundabout changes), Bosham, Southbourne, Chidham and Hambrook
The Plan and these two statements will have to altered and amended in order to bring harmony

Support

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 525

Received: 26/01/2019

Respondent: Mr Chris Coffin

Representation:

I support the methodology of the Strategic Policies and thank the Council for the comprehensive and thorough nature of the Plan.

Full text:

I wish to make the following brief representations on the draft Local Plan, now out for consultation:

General - I support the methodology of the Strategic Policies and thank the Council for the comprehensive and thorough nature of the Plan.

Goodwood Motor Circuit and Airfield (S15) - I thoroughly endorse the Council's policy of qualified support for this important local attraction and its development as it produces a huge net benefit to the area.

Fishbourne Parish (AL9) - This is the area in which I am resident.
I believe the Plan requirement for 250 additional dwellings will have a serious and negative impact on Fishbourne village for the following reasons:
* Any significant increase in village population will be unviable without matching, significant additions to all aspects of local infrastructure and services (S12). At present there is insufficient local retail, school, medical and road provision. There is a continuous rise of "rat run" traffic over our minor roads which are in an increasing poor and unsafe condition.
* There is a proposal to meet the Plan's development target for Fishbourne by building on Bethwines Farm. By any criterion this is unjustified and will cause harm (as well as dismay). It would, above all, adversely change the individual identity Fishbourne (contrary to the tenets of Plan overall design policy (S20)).

Object

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 551

Received: 31/01/2019

Respondent: Mrs Fiona Horn

Representation:

Flawed plan. Does not preserve the biodiversity or conservation of Chichester harbour AONB. No concrete information on infrastructure or protection of AONB from pollution, light pollution , flooding etc. Does not mention transport infrastructure or costings. Not enough information to give an educated response. Unless this is adequately addressed in future iterations of the plan I will raise this with the examiner at the appropriate time.

Full text:

Flawed plan. It is a local plan why is the North repeatedly excluded.Does not preserve the biodiversity or conservation of Chichester harbour AONB. No concrete information on infrastructure or protection of AONB from pollution, light pollution , flooding etc. Does not mention transport infrastructure or costings. Not enough information to give an educated response. Unless this is adequately addressed in future iterations of the plan I will raise this with the examiner at the appropriate time.

Comment

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 577

Received: 05/02/2019

Respondent: Mr Pieter Montyn

Representation:

3.11 -3.13 Spatial Vision Manhood Peninsula.
Pagham Harbour and Medmerry are each referred to twice as important wildlife habitats, but there is no mention of Chichester Harbour AONB with its series of national and international designations!

This must be added here first before Pagham and Medmerry.

Full text:

3.11 -3.13 Spatial Vision Manhood Peninsula.
Pagham Harbour and Medmerry are each referred to twice as important wildlife habitats, but there is no mention of Chichester Harbour AONB with its series of national and international designations!

This must be added here first before Pagham and Medmerry.

Comment

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 962

Received: 04/02/2019

Respondent: Liz Sagues

Representation:

Far too little decent communication effort on the part of CDC to make the Local Plan Review process more understandable to the people of the district.

Full text:

This seems the only place to make a general comment about how complicated all this is for members of the public. Effectively, it is very difficult indeed for people with limited time, understanding of planning jargon, access to information provided about the Plan Review, etc, to understand what is going on and comment effectively. A matter as important as this to all the district's inhabitants should be made more accessible - a minimum action would have been to deliver to every home a short, specific, plain-English document outlining the existing situation and what is proposed - and also giving details of the consultation events. Would have been good, too, if local councillors had approached their constituents pro-actively.

Support

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 1272

Received: 06/02/2019

Respondent: HMPC Ltd

Representation:

Support strategic objectives but clarification required as to how the objectives will be realised

Full text:

Spatial Vision and Strategic Objectives
The objectives set out in paragraph 3.2 and further through 3.19 of the draft Local Plan are to be supported, but the plan should explain through subsequent sections, how these objectives are being achieved through the proposed policies. At present this is inferred rather than demonstrated through supplementary policy. The Estate suggests a more transparent link between policies and the delivery of the vision will provide a more robust position in the defence of inappropriate development. This could be achieved through cross-referencing policies to objectives.

The importance of policies protecting areas from inappropriate change should be given equal weight to policies promoting development. Leaving areas without a purpose (i.e. without a positive and demonstrable contribution to the vision) through no designation (unallocated), or a generality of policy (e.g. open countryside) leaves them vulnerable to inappropriate development proposals (in accordance with Policy S1).

Supporting paragraphs 3.3 - 3.16 are understandably general in nature, but additional focus of objectives, such as, for example:
* the identification of general areas to keep free of inappropriate development (e.g. between the city and National Park);
* describing the important features (including gaps, views, and built form) that make Chichester special;
* what is meant by a truly sustainable neighbourhood (not what a developer claims) and what is required to achieve it;
* what is meant by local distinctiveness, character and cohesion? Has evidence been provided to demonstrate what is meant by these terms and provide both developers and the community with a clear reference point?
* What is meant by 'careful management' in the protection of the relationship to the National Park? The relationship to the City should be included in paragraph 3.7.
* The stated emphasis of policy in the Manhood Peninsula will be misinterpreted to be totally resistant to new development, forcing need to be met in other areas and increasing the reliance on the car. The Estate believes there are sound opportunities within the Peninsular to provide new housing and employment sites in appropriate locations to support local economic opportunities and recommends that the Housing Provision figure (paragraph 4.24) should be increased.

Comment

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 1390

Received: 06/02/2019

Respondent: Ms Paula Chatfield

Representation:

Broadly support; sceptical of delivery.
3.4 sustainable neighbourhoods and good non-vehicle transport links and views and landscape value are crucial.
Ditto 3.7, the importance of countryside linking the downs and harbour, both for people and wildlife.

Full text:

I broadly support the Spatial Vision, with not a little scepticism that it can be delivered.
I particularly admire, in 3.4:
"New sustainable neighbourhoods on the ... western ... sides of Chichester... will provide dwellings, jobs, retail opportunities and community facilities with good public transport, pedestrian and cycle links to other parts of the city. As an historic walled cathedral city, its rich cultural and architectural heritage will be conserved, enhanced and promoted together with the views and landscape value afforded by its setting."
and 3.7 is crucial in the context of our expanding city:
"3.7 The relationship between the National Park and significant natural areas to the south, especially Chichester Harbour Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, will be carefully managed by maintaining and enhancing the countryside between settlements."

Support

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 1442

Received: 07/02/2019

Respondent: Natural England

Representation:

Natural England supports the vision as it recognises the importance of biodiversity and unspoilt landscape, and access for people to those resources.

Full text:

Natural England supports the vision as it recognises the importance of biodiversity and unspoilt landscape, and access for people to those resources.

Support

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 1475

Received: 07/02/2019

Respondent: The Theatres Trust

Representation:

We are supportive of the proposed vision, in particular that it supports the enrichment of quality of life through opportunities to enjoy our local culture and arts.

Full text:

We are supportive of the proposed vision, in particular that it supports the enrichment of quality of life through opportunities to enjoy our local culture and arts.

Comment

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 1595

Received: 07/02/2019

Respondent: Harbour Villages Lib Dems Campaign Team

Representation:

We wish to be called at the time of the Planning Inspection.

This plan appears to have been created in a short time and therefore lacks cohesion. Information used in one area is different to that elsewhere.

Points made for: Apuldram/Donnington/Bosham/Chidham/Hambrook/Fishbourne make it appear that they have been written in silos. Can you please look at each one and try and line the reasoning up.

Our fear is that this document needs significant change for it to be fit and proper and presentable to the Inspector.

Full text:

3.1 to 3.2
It is our view that an opportunity has been missed to:
1. Look at new opportunities to develop away from existing settlements
2. Look at innovative solution to develop new dwellings. There is no provision for
a. Kit built small homes
b. Eco style properties built in a rural environment
3. Choose CDC identified sites rather than be lead by developers

3.4
The plan does insufficient to encourage students or young people to come to Chichester or for them to remain to develop careers. In the report "Know your Place" by BBC Chichester scored very badly. Going out and sports facilities scored zero. Busses scored one.

3.5
We do not accept that the wider plan has taken into account the wider range of environmental aspirations. The size and scope of planned development along the East West corridor damages the environment and fails to enhance the social aspirations of the communities.

3.6
Haphazard development as proposed does not conserve and enhance the local distinctiveness of the area.

3.7
Any significant development, as planned, between the Chichester Harbour and the South Downs will seriously damage the area.

3.10
The growth proposed will damage the villages and remove essential farmland. The villages do not need to grow to thrive. Schools, facilities and roads are already over loaded.

Attachments:

Object

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 1885

Received: 06/02/2019

Respondent: Chidham Sustainability Network

Representation:

The spatial Vision and Strategic Objectives (section 3.6 local plan) and the sustainability appraisal in relation to Chidham and `ham brook are contradictory.

Full text:

I strongly object to the Chichester Local Plan Review 2035 as it currently stands in relation the Chidham and Hambrook on the following grounds:

1 The local plan promote the coalescence off settlements between Chichester and Emsworth which will adversely impact the special character of the villages.

2 The local plan review has failed to make a proper distribution of housing in the Parish. The so called comprehensive selection process undertaken by the planners in their strategic site allocation exercise and the subsequent approval by CDC is found to be wanting as it is based on developers estimates which have not followed the density benchmarks as per policy DM3 and has also not been modified for locations adjacent to sensitive locations. See Parish Councils response to policy S2 settlement hierarchy.

3 The infrastructure Deliver plan which supports the local plan is not fit for purpose. It does not adequately address the transportation, educational,medical and general amenity needs and timing thereof that will arise in a community which is expected to grow by 50% in the period.

4 The spatial Vision and Strategic Objectives (section 3.6 local plan) and the sustainability appraisal in relation to Chidham and `ham brook are contradictory. (see Parish Council response policy S26/DM19 natural environment). If the latter prevails we will see the loss of key landscape features, the loss of high quality farmland, a further deterioration of water quality and further disruption to important internal migratory birds along the existing natural corridors.

500 houses for Chidham and Hambrook is excessive and is not supported by the documentation and the numbers should be significantly reduced.

Comment

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 2094

Received: 15/02/2019

Respondent: West Sussex County Council

Representation:

It is requested that 'Joint' is added into the references for the Joint Minerals Local Plan through the document.

Policy W23 of the Waste Local Plan applies to all Districts & Boroughs, regarding waste management within development and should be referenced in the Chichester Local Plan Review.

Full text:

West Sussex County Council Officer Level Response
Introduction
The Chichester Local Plan Review Preferred Approach sets out how the future development in the District will be shaped, excluding the area within the South Downs National Park, up to 2035. It includes the overall development strategy as well as relevant strategic policies to meet the future needs of the area and development management policies to help guide development over the plan period. The Local Plan helps to:
* choose where the development goes;
* protect the character and beauty of the area;
* provide job and housing opportunities so that children can continue to work and live locally;
* support and help to boost the local economy;
* help residents to maintain healthy and active lifestyles; and,
* make sure that there is adequate services, travel options and community facilities.

The Chichester Local Plan was adopted in July 2015. At that time, the Local Plan was approved, but the Government Inspector said that it had to be reviewed again within five years, to make sure that sufficient housing was planned to meet the needs of the area.

The first part of the review process was carried out in June 2017 with an Issues and Options consultation, in which comments were invited regarding the overall development strategy and possible development locations. The Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach is the second stage of the process. It sets out the proposed development strategy and policies for the area to meet future needs.


West Sussex County Council Officer Level Comments
This note sets out West Sussex County Council's (WSCC) officer response to the consultation on the draft Chichester Local Plan Review Preferred Approach. It highlights key issues and suggested changes to which Chichester District Council (CDC) is requested to give consideration. We will continue to work with CDC in preparation of the Local Plan Review and the Infrastructure Delivery Plan regarding WSCC service requirements in order to mitigate planned development.


Minerals and Waste
A steady and adequate supply of minerals and the achievement of sustainable waste management can help to achieve a District or Borough Council's goals in relation to the economy, housing, transport, communications, strategic infrastructure and the environment. Therefore, District and Borough Local Plans should recognise the importance of minerals and waste issues as relevant to the scope of their overall strategies.

We welcome the reference to the adopted Minerals and Waste Local Plans and safeguarding in the document and the requirements in policies where a site is located within a minerals safeguarding area, or near to a safeguarded waste site. There are some missing references to safeguarding of minerals and waste sites for some of the proposed allocations, set out below and request that these references are added. It is also requested that 'Joint' is added into the references for the Joint Minerals Local Plan through the document.

Policy W23 of the Waste Local Plan applies to all Districts & Boroughs, regarding waste management within development and should be referenced in the Chichester Local Plan Review.

AL3 East of Chichester
The site is to the north of the Fuel Depot site allocation in the Waste Local Plan (Policy W10) for a built waste facility as part of a comprehensive redevelopment of the site (including complimentary non-waste uses). The East of Chichester allocation is the land to the north, bisected by the railway line, of the Fuel Depot. Reference should be made to giving consideration to the allocation, and therefore its safeguarding.

AL4 Westhampnett/North East Chichester
Reference should be made to minerals safeguarding, for consistency with other allocations, as within the sharp sand and gravel safeguarding area.

AL5 Southern Gateway
Reference should be made to the mineral infrastructure safeguarding policy M10 as within 200m of the Chichester Railhead.

AL6 South-West of Chichester
Reference should be made to the mineral infrastructure safeguarding policy M10 as within 300m of the Chichester Railhead.

AL7 Highgrove Farm Bosham
Remove reference to minerals safeguarding as the site is not within the safeguarding or consultation area.

AL12 Park Farm Selsey
Reference should be made to minerals safeguarding as site is within the sharp sand and gravel safeguarding area.

Neighbourhood plan allocations
Sites are yet to be allocated though neighbourhood plans. It is considered that the Joint Minerals Local Plan and Waste Local Plan are referenced, particularly with regards to safeguarding policies (M9, M10 and W2) and these documents and policies are given detailed consideration when allocating sites. Development at, adjacent or proximal to existing waste or mineral sites / infrastructure should be the subject to consultation with WSCC.


Connectivity and Sustainable Travel
The County council has worked with the District Council on the preparation of the transport evidence base study undertaken by Peter Brett Associates for the District Council. The recommended transport mitigation strategy, as assessed using the Chichester Area Transport Model has been demonstrated to be capable in principle to prevent the development from resulting in severe residual cumulative impacts on the highways and transport network. However, the recommended strategy has several risks to deliverability and acceptability associated with it, which require further work to be undertaken to demonstrate that the strategy can be implemented in its current form to provide the forecasted mitigation to travel conditions.

There are three locations where new highway alignments are proposed outside of existing highways boundaries. Two of these may include significant earthworks or structures to be delivered, being Stockbridge Link Road and Terminus Road diversion. The cost of the mitigation strategy exceeds a figure which could reasonably be supported by the value of the proposed development developer contributions alone, therefore the delivery of the strategy will depend upon securing of external grant funding to top up developer contributions. WSCC will work with the District Council in supporting and or applying for funding, the District Council needing to secure Highways England to support funding applications for A27 improvements. The proposed junction designs for the A27 Stockbridge and Whyke roundabouts include bans to well used right turn movements off the Chichester A27 bypass which result in significant forecast changes to traffic flows on local roads in the south of Chichester and on the Manhood Peninsular.

There is a need to ensure the land outside the highway boundary is available and the plan should set out how this land will be acquired to deliver the measures, it may be that a commitment to use, if required, and therefore reference to CPO be made in the policy.

Funding for the mitigation strategy is uncertain. It is considered that the Plan should set out how it will deal with this uncertainty. This could include trigger points in the monitoring framework to trigger a change of approach or alternative options to deliver the required development.

These factors mean that feasibility work is necessary to be undertaken prior to Plan submission, to reduce as far as practicable risks to costs, land take, impacts and deliverability of the proposed transport strategy in order to show that the strategy can be implemented within the plan period and that the funding strategy will be sufficient to meet the design requirements. In particular the following will need to be addressed:

* Statutory undertakers equipment under the roads junctions to be impacted.
* Extent of earthworks required to create a vertical and horizontal alignment compliant with design standards. Design audit to identify any required departures from standard.
* Designing for drainage and flooding issues, including compliance with the WSCC LLFA Policy for the Management of Surface Water, November 2018.
* Designs for structures to cross watercourses - Stockbridge Link Road
* Design should include suitable provision for rights of way and footway crossings
* Scoping for whether and at what level further Environmental Impact Assessment will be required.
* Stage 1 Road safety Audit, designers response report and resulting amendments to designs.
* Land take required after feasibility level designs have been developed and availability of required land.
* Wophams Lane - impacts of forecast changes to flow patterns to take B2201 southbound traffic on requirements for highway width, alignment, footway provision and junctions with A286 Birdham Road and B2201 Selsey Road; design solution required.
* Quarry Lane, Kingsham Avenue /Road, Terminus Road; impacts of forecast flow changes on highway users, residential and commercial frontagers and measures to manage through traffic whilst maintaining local access

Sustainable transport measures will also be required to mitigate planned development. These will be identified through more detailed assessments of sites including pre-application consideration. Funding will need to be identified through development and other sources as well in some cases.

Public Rights of Way
There is support for the Local Plan Review's approach to Public Rights Of Way (PROW), not just for the potential to impact on existing public off-road access but also the opportunity it brings to enhance this access for the benefit of future residents, communities and visitors. PROW deliver benefits for personal health and wellbeing; sustainable transport; reduction of air pollution and road congestion; are able to support local economies; and they connect communities.
WSCC PROW welcomes several aspects of the Vision statement, which give support to the protection and enhancement of the PROW network, and provision of safe and convenient off-road access opportunities for residents and visitors:

* Pursue a healthy lifestyle and benefit from a sense of well-being supported by good access to education, health, leisure, open space and nature, sports and other essential facilities;
* Live in sustainable neighbourhoods supported by necessary infrastructure and facilities;
* Move around safely and conveniently with opportunities to choose alternatives to car travel.

The Local Plan Strategic Objectives offer further support to enhance off-road access, particularly to 'Encourage healthy and active lifestyles for all, developing accessible health and leisure facilities and linked green spaces'. However, the objective to 'Achieve a sustainable and integrated transport system through improved cycling networks and links to public transport' should recognise walking also as an important mode for many people; some strategic enhancements will significantly improve walkers' safety and convenience.

It is considered that West of Chichester the A259 could act as a corridor for increased volumes of non-motorised access, particularly cycling. Improvement of the existing on-road facility and development of a various 'feeder' routes to connect with the many settlements, perhaps using quiet lanes in places, would encourage cycling particularly to be a natural alternative to vehicle use. Policy S18: Integrated Coastal Zone Management for the Manhood Peninsula, gives regard to such an ambition in stating it will 'Improve infrastructure to support sustainable modes of transport, especially cycle ways, bridleways and footpaths, including the National Coastal Footpath'.

The National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) Open Space and Recreation, para 97b) states:
the loss resulting from the proposed development would be replaced by equivalent or better provision in terms of quantity and quality in a suitable location.
The NPPF para 98 also states:
Planning policies and decisions should protect and enhance public rights of way and access, including taking opportunities to provide better facilities for users, for example by adding links to existing rights of way networks including National Trails.'
There is support for Policy S20: Design, that recognises these requirements in stating development 'is well connected to provide safe and convenient ease of movement by all users, prioritising pedestrian and cycle movements both within the scheme and neighbouring areas and ensuring that the needs of vehicular traffic does not dominate at the expense of other modes of transport, or undermine the resulting quality of places' and 'incorporates and/or links to high quality Green Infrastructure and landscaping to enhance biodiversity and meet recreational needs, including public rights of way'.


Education
As the local education authority, WSCC has the statutory duty to ensure that there is a sufficient supply of suitable school places to meet statutory requirements for early years, primary, secondary and sixth form provision (including up to age 25 for those with special educational needs and/or disabilities). Education infrastructure, or contributions to provide infrastructure, will be required in order to mitigate proposed development. We will continue to work with CDC in preparation of the Local Plan Review and the Infrastructure Delivery Plan regarding education and other service requirements in order to mitigate planned development.

The table below sets out the primary, secondary school and sixth form requirements to mitigate proposed development. SEE ATTACHMENT FOR TABLE

AL1 Land West of Chichester

It should be noted that phase one of this development will provide the primary school with the core of the building being built to the specification for a 2 form entry (FE) school and 1FE teaching accommodation. Phase 2 as per 6.10 on page 93 should include expansion of the primary school for the further 1FE of teaching accommodation.

AL2 Land at Shopwhyke (Oving Parish)

No update to original response for this allocation is required.

AL3 Land East of Chichester - previously South of Shopwhyke

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there is insufficient space within the primary schools that serve this proposed development. Further capacity would be required to accommodate the development. Land for a 1 FE expandable to 2FE and pro rata share of the build costs would be required.

If numbers were to increase on the east side of the city, education provision will need to be reviewed, potentially a further 1FE may be required including land provision, this could be in the form of an expansion or a new school being built capable of expansion to 3FE.

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be expansion capacity to accommodate the child product from this proposed development for secondary aged pupils. Contributions would be required for expansion of secondary schools if feasible and required.

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be expansion capacity to accommodate the child product from this proposed development for sixth form pupils. Contributions would be required for expansion of the provision if feasible and required.

AL4 Land at Westhampnett / North East Chichester

The remaining 200 dwellings will impact on the education provision in the area, financial contributions towards expansion of existing or pro rata costs towards the expansion of the school within AL3.

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be expansion capacity to accommodate the child product from this proposed development for secondary aged pupils. Contributions would be required for expansion of secondary schools if feasible and required.

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be expansion capacity to accommodate the child product from this proposed development for sixth form pupils. Contributions would be required for expansion of the provision if feasible and required.

AL5 Southern Gateway

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be sufficient space or expansion capacity to accommodate the child product from the strategic allocation of 350 dwellings in the Southern Gateway. However, consideration should be given to the cumulative impact of housing in the area Land South West of Chichester (AL6) to allocate land within the area for a 1FE expandable to 2FE primary school. Pro rata financial contributions towards the build costs would be sought from developers to mitigate their impact.

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be expansion capacity to accommodate the child product from this proposed development for secondary aged pupils. Contributions would be required for expansion of secondary schools if feasible and required.

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be expansion capacity to accommodate the child product from this proposed development for sixth form pupils. Contributions would be required for expansion of the provision if feasible and required.

AL6 Land South West of Chichester (Apuldram & Donnington Parishes)

It should be noted that the primary education provision in this area is either in Chichester City Centre which means crossing the main A27 or by travelling south towards the peninsula. Consideration should be given to the cumulative impact of further housing in the area along with the Southern Gateway allocation (AL5) to allocate land within the strategic allocation site for a 1FE expandable to 2FE primary school. Pro rata financial contributions towards the build costs would be sought from developers to mitigate their impact.

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be expansion capacity to accommodate the child product from this proposed development for secondary aged pupils. Contributions would be required for expansion of secondary schools if feasible and required.

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be expansion capacity to accommodate the child product from this proposed development for sixth form pupils. Contributions would be required for expansion of the provision if feasible and required.

AL7 Bosham

The current primary provision serving the area is at capacity, expansion of the school on its existing site is not possible. As part of the strategic allocation, it is proposed that land for a 2FE primary school be provided. The strategic allocation of 250 dwellings in isolation does not require a new school to be built. Certainty over the land allocation and sufficient funding will be key drivers in realising this proposal.

AL7, AL10 and AL13 are all within the same school planning area, the cumulative total of the strategic allocations brings forward a requirement for c3 forms of entry additional school places. The Local Plan, as currently drafted, indicates an oversupply of school places which could affect the viability of all the schools in the planning area.

Expansion of the secondary school may be possible. Contributions would be required for expansion of secondary schools if feasible and required.

AL9 Fishbourne

The primary school serving the area is currently at capacity, expansion of the school may be possible, feasibility / options appraisals would need to be undertaken.

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be sufficient space or expansion capacity to accommodate the child product from this proposed development for secondary aged pupils. Contributions would be required for expansion of primary and secondary schools and sixth form if feasible and required.

AL8 East Wittering

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be sufficient space or expansion capacity to accommodate the child product from this proposed development.

Contributions would be required for expansion of primary and secondary schools if feasible and required.

AL10 Chidham and Hambrook area

The current primary provision serving the area is at capacity, expansion of the school on its existing site is not possible. As part of the strategic allocation, it is proposed that land for a 2FE primary school be provided. Certainty over the land allocation and sufficient funding will be key drivers in realising this proposal.

AL7, AL10 and AL13 are all within the same school planning area, the cumulative total of the strategic allocations brings forward a requirement for c3 forms of entry additional school places. The Local Plan, as currently drafted, indicates an oversupply of school places which could affect the viability of all the schools in the planning area.

Expansion of the secondary school may be possible. Contributions would be required for expansion of secondary schools if feasible and required.

AL11 Hunston

Any development within this area cannot currently be accommodated in the existing primary school at North Mundham. Further capacity would be required to accommodate the development, CDC will need to work with WSCC to determine how additional capacity in the area could be accommodated if land is to be allocated.

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be sufficient space or expansion capacity to accommodate the child product from this proposed development for secondary aged pupils. Contributions would be required for expansion of secondary schools and sixth form if feasible and required.

AL12 Selsey

Further capacity would be required to accommodate the development. Contributions (and possibly land if required) would be sought to meet the pupil product from the development in the most appropriate form once this can be clarified.

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be sufficient space to accommodate the child product from this proposed development for secondary aged pupils. Contributions would be required for expansion of secondary schools if feasible and required.

AL13 Southbourne

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there is insufficient space within the primary schools that serve this proposed development. Further capacity would be required to accommodate the development. Land for a 2form entry expandable to 3FE primary school and pro rata share of the build costs would be required.

AL7, AL10 and AL13 are all within the same school planning area, the cumulative total of the strategic allocations brings forward a requirement for c3 forms of entry additional school places. The Local Plan, as currently drafted, indicates an oversupply of school places which could affect the viability of all the schools in the planning area.

Expansion of the secondary school may be possible. Contributions would be required for expansion of secondary schools if feasible and required.

AL14 Tangmere

The current allocation of 1,300 dwellings will bring forward the requirement for land for a 1FE expandable to 2FE and financial contributions would be sought to meet the pupil product from the development in the most appropriate form once this can be clarified.

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be sufficient space or expansion capacity to accommodate the child product from this proposed development for secondary aged pupils. Contributions would be required for expansion of secondary schools and sixth form if feasible and required.

Footnote: - if all of the proposed sites were to come forward the secondary school and sixth form provision would be full in the Chichester Planning Area. Expansion of the secondary schools in the Chichester Planning Area to cater for the increased demand would need to be sought from the academy sponsors, where appropriate and the Local Authority.


Lead Local Flood Authority
The Lead Local Flood Authority (LLFA) is concerned about the approach being taken with regard to ensuring potential wastewater treatment for proposed new sustainable development.

Paragraph 8 of the NPPF states:
8. Achieving sustainable development means that the planning system has three overarching objectives, which are interdependent and need to be pursued in mutually supportive ways (so that opportunities can be taken to secure net gains across each of the different objectives):

a) An economic objective - to help build a strong, responsive and competitive
economy, by ensuring that sufficient land of the right types is available in the
right places and at the right time to support growth, innovation and improved
productivity; and by identifying and coordinating the provision of infrastructure;

Paragraph 20 of the NPPF states:
20. Strategic policies should set out an overall strategy for the pattern, scale and quality of development, and make sufficient provision for:
a) housing (including affordable housing), employment, retail, leisure and other commercial development;
b) infrastructure for transport, telecommunications, security, waste management, water supply, wastewater, flood risk and coastal change management, and the provision of minerals and energy (including heat);

In the LLFAs view, the Local Plan Review is not setting out an overall strategy for the pattern, scale and quality of development in relation to arrangements for wastewater management. The LLFA considers that CDC needs to go further in incorporating within the Local Plan Review how this provision is being made.


Additional Policy Comments

Policy S12: Infrastructure Provision
Support the requirement that all development must provide or fund new infrastructure, facilities and services required, both on and off-site (including full fibre communications infrastructure) as a consequence of the proposal. The explicit reference to full fibre communications infrastructure is supported as this will provide gigabit-capable and future-proofed services to all development, existing and new. The reference to provision of facilities and services on and off-site is also supported as in the case of broadband for example, all development will be adequately equipped with the necessary infrastructure installed for the purposes of connecting to full fibre gigabit-capable broadband services. This policy supports the County Council's aim for increased digital infrastructure that will provide for gigabit-capable broadband and future technologies such as 5G.

Support the reference to safeguarding educational facilities under section 3 of the policy.

The policy includes the requirement to 'Facilitate accessibility to facilities and services by a range of transport modes'. PROW can offer vital access means for walkers and cyclists, such as for employment land use (e.g. commuting by bicycle) and in support of the high street, both for employees and customers. IT is considered that this Policy, also Policy S13: Chichester City Development Principles, should aim to encourage such access to be the natural and preferred modes of access, thereby helping achieve the benefits previously described. It is noted Policy S14: Chichester City Transport Strategy, does acknowledge cycling and walking and lends support to their improvement.

The supporting text, paragraph 4.81 makes reference to the Strategic Infrastructure Package (SIP). It is requested that this wording is removed and replaced with West Sussex County Council identifies service infrastructure requirements necessary to support new and existing communities, where strategic development and growth is proposed in Local Plans. These are required to deliver the County Council's statutory responsibilities, strategic objectives and current policy and feed into the preparation of the Infrastructure Delivery Plan.


Policy S13: Chichester City Development Principles
This policy, like policy S12, it is considered should aim to encourage such access to be the natural and preferred modes of access, thereby helping achieve the benefits previously described. It is noted Policy S14: Chichester City Transport Strategy, does acknowledge cycling and walking and lends support to their improvement.


Policy S23: Transport and Accessibility
The policy and supporting text paragraphs 5.15 - 5.33 refer to Transport Infrastructure. Understandably much consideration is given to the A27 around Chichester; however, in addition to seeking new infrastructure from new development, it is recommended support in principle is given to maximising the value of existing infrastructure so as to facilitate off-road user modes accessing either side of the A27.


S24: Countryside
Supporting text paragraphs 5.34 - 5.43, acknowledges 'it is necessary to provide for the social and economic needs of small rural communities, and enable those who manage, live and work in the countryside to continue to do so'. It is recognised in para 7.205, supporting text to policy SM35 Equestrian Development, the high numbers of liveried and stabled horses. A considerable network of businesses are supported by such a high equine population, and in addition to financial value within the local community there is considerable benefit in terms of health and wellbeing of individuals. It is suggested that Policy S24: Countryside, could recognise this specifically.


S27: Flood Risk Management
Supporting text paragraph 5.54, requested amendments underlined - as a consequence of the rise in sea levels and storm surges, parts of the plan area will be at increased risk from coastal erosion, groundwater, fluvial and/or tidal flooding. Hard defences may not be possible to maintain in the long term, therefore development needs to be strongly restricted in areas at risk to flooding and erosion, whilst ensuring that existing towns and villages are protected by sustainable means that make space for water in suitable areas. Development must take account of the policies of the relevant shoreline management plan

Supporting text paragraph 5.58, requested amendments underlined - Built development can lead to increased surface water run-off; therefore new
development is encouraged to incorporate mitigation techniques in its design, such as permeable surfaces and Sustainable Drainage Systems (SuDS). Where appropriate, SuDS should be used as part of the linked green infrastructure network to provide multiple functions and benefits to landscape quality, recreation and biodiversity. This can be achieved through habitat creation, new open spaces and good design. SuDS should be designed to help cope with intense rainfall events and to overcome any deterioration in water quality status. In determining the suitability of SuDS for individual development sites, developers should refer to guidance published by the Lead Local Flood Authority (LLFA): West Sussex LLFA Policy for the Management of Surface Water: https://www.westsussex.gov.uk/media/12230/ws_llfa_policy_for_management_of_surface_water.pdf and, if necessary, seek further advice from the Lead Local Flood Authority LLFA.

S27 policy text requested amendments underlined for section 1 - a. through a sequential approach, taking into consideration all forms of flooding, it is located in the lowest appropriate flood risk location in accordance with the NPPF and the Chichester Strategic Flood Risk Assessment (SFRA); and

S27 policy text requested amendments underlined for section 2. Sustainable drainage systems (SuDS) will be required on major developments (10 or more dwellings or equivalent) and encouraged for smaller schemes. SUDS should be designed into the landscape of all new development and should be included as part of a District wide approach to improve water quality and provide flood mitigation. A site-specific Flood Risk Assessment will be required for sites within or adjacent to areas at risk of surface water flooding as identified in the SFRA. There should be no increase in either the volume or rate of surface water runoff leaving the site.

S27 policy text requested additional bullet point as number 4 - Clear management arrangements and funding for their ongoing maintenance over the lifetime of the development should be proposed. Planning conditions and / or obligations will be used to secure these arrangements.

S27 policy text requested amendments underlined for section 2, but would be section 5 - Development should not result in any property or highway, on or off site, being at greater risk of flooding than the 1 in 100 year storm return period, including an allowance for climate change.


Policy S29: Green Infrastructure
The Green Infrastructure policy is welcomed, including provision of new Green Infrastructure as an integral part of the development at Strategic Development Locations. It is recommended that measures are put in place to secure the long term management of such Green Infrastructure.


Policy S30: Strategic Wildlife Corridors
The identification of Strategic Wildlife Corridors and inclusion of a policy to safeguard them from development is welcomed. It is recommended that CDC promotes positive conservation management within these corridors to maximise their contribution to maintaining and enhancing biodiversity. As stated in Section 5.66, 'These corridors do not stop at the plan area boundaries.' Thus, it is recommended that CDC works in partnership with Chichester Harbour Conservancy and The South Downs National Park Authority to ensure that these Strategic Wildlife Corridors continue to provide effective corridors and connectivity across the wider landscape.

Section 5.66 refers to four Strategic Wildlife Corridors connecting Chichester Harbour with the South Downs National Park but it is noted that there is no mention of the Strategic Wildlife Corridors to the east of Chichester which connect Pagham Harbour with the South Downs National Park (as seen in Policy Map S30b). It is also noted that the maps referred to in Section 5.66, Maps 5.1 & 5.2 are missing.

WSCC and CDC promoted a Mitigated Northern Route for the A27 at Chichester as the preferred option, subject to the inclusion of important mitigation measures that are needed to make the scheme acceptable in environmental terms and the 'full southern route' as a reasonable alternative. Both routes could impact on the identified Strategic Wildlife Corridors. As currently drafted, Policy S30 would seem to prevent a mitigated northern route from coming forward in the future. Therefore, the District Council should consider whether the policy is overly restrictive (for example should it refer to 'significant adverse impacts' or 'unacceptable adverse impacts'?) and how it would be applied if a northern route for A27 were to come forward in the future.


Policy S31: Wastewater Management and Water Quality
S27 policy text requested amendments underlined for section 3, this - Where appropriate, development should contribute to the delivery of identified actions to deliver infiltration reduction across the catchment. Where appropriate development should contribute to the delivery of identified actions to deliver a reduction in the level of infiltration of groundwater into the sewer system.


Policy AL1: Land West of Chichester
AL1 policy text requested additional bullet point as number 8 - Increase capacity to attenuate surface water on site, thereby reducing the discharge flows off the site below current rates and reducing the risk of flooding to residential areas downstream.

AL1 policy text requested additional bullet point under 15 as 15 b- Provide mitigation for any loss of watercourse habitat resulting from culverting for highway provision in the development;

AL1 policy text in supporting 'improved cycle and pedestrian routes linking the site with the city, Fishbourne and the South Downs National Park', a new key link for cycling will be to Salthill Road, thereby enabling cyclists to benefit from the existing bridge crossing of the A27 for journeys to and from the west.


AL2: Land at Shopwyke (Oving Parish)
The policy acknowledges need 'for foot/cycle bridge across A27 to Coach Road'. There is also need for equestrian users to cross the A27 and WSCC PROW has received several enquiries seeking support for such infrastructure. Consideration could be given to the proposed bridge providing for all three modes.


AL3: East of Chichester (Oving Parish)
AL3 supporting text requested amendments underlined for paragraph 6.22 - The site is identified for 600 dwellings, however, there may be potential to deliver a large strategic development of 1000 dwellings, subject to further evidence, including the testing of additional growth on the local highway network and capacity of the site to provide flood risk attenuation for the increased housing density. The site should be master planned as a whole, and delivered through a phased development over a ten year period. Although the site is physically separated from the city by the A27 Chichester Bypass, the development should form a planned extension to the city, forming a new neighbourhood. This will involve opportunities to provide new facilities to serve the wider local community with good off-site access, particularly by walking and cycling to existing local facilities and facilities in the city.

AL3 policy requires exploring integrated green infrastructure with other strategic sites to the north east of the city, Tangmere and the wider countryside. It is considered that future residents will have expectations for provision of safe and convenient links towards Oving and also across the railway to link to the A259 cycle path and PROW south of the A259. It is considered that the policy should be strengthened to ensure such provision.


Policy AL4: Land at Westhampnett/North East Chichester
AL4 policy text requested amendments underlined for section 3 - Open space and green infrastructure, including a linear greenspace with public access along the Lavant Valley.

Taking into account the site-specific requirements, proposals for the site should satisfy the following requirements:

Policy AL4 policy, it is welcomed that 'provision should be made for green links to the South Downs National Park and Chichester City.' Safe and convenient walking and cycling to Lavant, from where people will access the South Downs, will provide for sustainable transport use.


Policy AL5 Southern Gateway
AL5 supporting text requested amendments underlined for paragraph 6.38 - The area has been identified as suitable for comprehensive regeneration with the aim being to make it a more attractive and welcoming gateway for the city, providing new housing, business and retail space and leisure and tourism facilities. Opportunities will be identified to improve transport links with a focus on cycling, walking and public transport and the removal of non-essential traffic from the area. There is also scope for significant public space enhancements and new landscaping incorporating blue / green infrastructure delivering multi-functional benefits.

AL5 policy text requested amendments underlined for section 5 - Provision of open space that:
* Is in accordance with Policy DM34, including retention of the existing playing pitch unless suitable re-provision is provided;
* Reinforces / enhances green and blue infrastructure consistent with Policy S29 and fully exploits the opportunities for sustainable drainage.


AL5 policy text requested amendments underlined for section 8 - Provision of both a surface and waste water management plan which demonstrates no net increase in flow to Apuldram Waste Water Treatment Works would result from this development, unless suitable alternative provision is agreed;


Policy AL6: Land South-West of Chichester (Apuldram and Donnington Parishes)
The LLFA has concerns regarding the lack of reference to flood risk constraints of the site in Policy AL6. There is reference to flood risk in paragraph 6.47. However, the policy itself makes no reference to these constraints.
The constraints arise from a combination of the following:

* Current tidal /fluvial flood risk extending from Chichester harbour to the west and up the River Lavant floodplain; (Map 1)
* Future tidal /fluvial flood risk associated with climate change; (Map 1)
* Constraints on infiltration of surface water run off because of high seasonal groundwater levels (<0.025m below the surface) (Map 2); and
* Constraints on gravity outfalls because of the low relief and long-term reduction in tidal window for discharge.

The above limits the options for how the site can be effectively drained without a step change from typically employed methods to embrace more innovative and currently expensive options e.g. blue roofs and rainwater harvesting.

The LLFA recommends that the policy sets out both the above constraints and the type of innovative drainage that will be required to achieve the development objectives for the site.



Key: Projected medium projection extent of SLR based upon 4m contour

AL6 extent

Current Flood Zone 3 extent.

Current Areas of high (1:30) surface water flood risk

Map 1 Existing and projected Tidal and surface water flood risk for AL6.

Consistent with paragraph 3.2 of the SFRA, given the high risk of flooding both now and into the future for this site, it is recommended that CDC gives consideration to the climate change maps to understand how the flood zones are predicted to change over the lifetime of the development.


Key:
AL6 boundary.

Groundwater levels are either at very near (within 0.025m of) the ground surface.

Groundwater levels are between 0.025m and 0.5m below the ground surface

Map 2 Groundwater flood risk JBA

Policy AL6 WSCC PROW considers 'necessary highway improvements to adequately mitigate the likely impacts on the highway network' to include a bridge crossing of the A27 for convenient walking and cycling access to the Terminus Road industrial estate and the city. There is an existing public footpath but, as this crosses the A27 at-grade, this will not provide the safest facility and not encourage people to minimise use of vehicles for local access. Provision of a bridge and access through the site could also establish a valuable link to the popular Salterns Way walking and cycle path. An additional link to Salterns Way should also be provided off the A286 for the benefit of Stockbridge residents as a safer alternative to the A286.


AL 7 Highgrove Farm, Bosham
The LLFA notes that the above site has the potential for a moderate risk of groundwater flooding. It is likely that this is perched groundwater draining from higher ground / springs to the north that lies in the superficial mixed sediments underlain by Lambeth Clay.


Policy AL8: East Wittering Parish
Due to no information on where housing is going to be located so the LLFA is not in a position to comment on proposed housing allocation sites at this stage.

The policy requires 'Opportunities ... for the expansion and provision of green infrastructure into the wider countryside including between settlements and facilities'. Existing and future residents and the local visitor economy would benefit by delivery of an off-road route for walkers, cyclists and horse riders to and from the Medmerry development and towards Selsey. It is considered that Policy AL8 should aim to deliver this enhancement specifically.


Policy AL9: Fishbourne Parish
Due to no information on where housing is going to be located so the LLFA is not in a position to comment on proposed housing allocation sites at this stage.

It is considered that off-road cycling links to land West of Chichester (off Salthill Road) and to Bosham (off Park Lane) would benefit this community with enhanced sustainable connectivity.


Policy AL10: Chidham and Hambrook Parish
Due to no information on where housing is going to be located so the LLFA is not in a position to comment on proposed housing allocation sites at this stage.

The policy requires 'opportunities' to develop green infrastructure and links to other communities. An opportunity, in conjunction with Highways England, exists to maximise the value of existing infrastructure by creating a new bridleway (for walkers, cyclists and horse riders) on a path using an existing A27 overbridge.


Policy AL11: Hunston Parish
Due to no information on where housing is going to be located so the LLFA is not in a position to comment on proposed housing allocation sites at this stage.

The village is already well connected for walkers to access the surrounding countryside but there are presently no local cycling or horse riding facilities on the PROW network. A bridleway link to South Mundham (with the potential for future cycle links to Pagham and towards Bognor Regis) and to Sidlesham via the golf course and Brimfast Lane would provide residents and visitors with improved access to the countryside and services.


Policy AL12: Land North of Park Farm, Selsey
It is unclear why the policy map shows the proposed strategic allocation lies outside of the Neighbourhood Plan proposed settlement boundary. Some explanation for this anomaly would be helpful in the text.


Groundwater flood risk as depicted by JBA mapping (Brown = seasonal groundwater level lies between 0.025 and 0.5m below the surface).

The principle concern that the LLFA wishes to highlight is the need to ensure that the necessary foul sewerage infrastructure to support development is in place. It is the LLFA understanding that the Siddlesham WWTW experiences capacity issues currently, in part exacerbated by groundwater infiltration. While Policy AL12 states: Development proposals will need to demonstrate that sufficient capacity will be available within the sewer network, including waste water treatment works, to accommodate the proposed development in accordance with Policy S31.

The policy proposes only to provide 'pedestrian links between the site and new development south of Park Lane'. It is considered that cycling links should also be provided.


Policy DM8: Transport, Accessibility and Parking
The PROW network can provide vital means for communities to interact and encourage sustainable local access. The policy requirement to create 'links between new development and existing pedestrian, cycle and public transport networks' is welcomed. However, establishing links into surrounding existing development should not be overlooked also - the greater the permeability, the greater the use.


Policy DM10: New Employment Sites
Whilst mentioned earlier in the Plan in respect of a number of specific sites, this policy should specifically aim to provide, as a matter of course, suitable walking and cycling infrastructure to encourage local sustainable access. This infrastructure may need to extend outside a site boundary so as to provide safe and convenient connection to existing infrastructure. This principle should apply also to Policy DM13: Built Tourist and Leisure Development and Policy DM14: Caravan and Camping Sites.


Policy DM32: Green Infrastructure
Whilst it is recognised the policy proposes support subject to not 'dissect[ing] ... the linear network of cycle ways, public rights of way, bridleways ...', the policy could lend support to establishing new routes as part of the Green Infrastructure network itself.


Policy DM35: Equestrian Development
It is appreciated why the Plan would wish to require future equine development to be 'well related to or has improved links to the existing bridleway network'. However, this will add to the pressure of use on the existing bridleway network, which is not extensive outside of the South Downs, so will increase degradation of paths. Future developments must, therefore, accept to contribute in some way, acceptable to the local highway authority, to mitigate the additional impact to be created so all lawful users are not disadvantaged.


Policy DM29: Biodiversity
The measures to safeguard and enhance the biodiversity value of development sites are welcomed, including seeking net biodiversity gain.


Schedule of proposed changes to the policies map
S30a West of City Corridors -suggest title should be West of City Strategic Wildlife Corridors (to match S30b: East of City Strategic Wildlife Corridors. The Strategic Wildlife Corridors are depicted in different colour patterns on the two plans which is somewhat confusing.


Strategic Wildlife Corridors Local Plan Review Background Paper
Proposed Hermitage to Westbourne Strategic Wildlife Corridor
A large area depicted as Biodiversity Opportunity Area (BOA) in Fig. 1 (immediately to the south of the Rivers Ems & Meadows Local Wildlife Site, Westbourne) is in fact housing and forms part of the settlement of Westbourne. You should consider if this land should be included as having potential for biodiversity enhancement.


Glossary
Includes Sites of Nature Conservation Importance (SNCIs) but not Local Wildlife Sites (LWSs). SNCIs are now known as LWSs.

Attachments:

Comment

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 2100

Received: 15/02/2019

Respondent: West Sussex County Council

Representation:

The Local Plan Strategic Objectives offer further support to enhance off-road access, particularly to 'Encourage healthy and active lifestyles for all, developing accessible health and leisure facilities and linked green spaces'. However, the objective to 'Achieve a sustainable and integrated transport system through improved cycling networks and links to public transport' should recognise walking also as an important mode for many people; some strategic enhancements will significantly improve walkers' safety and convenience.

Full text:

West Sussex County Council Officer Level Response
Introduction
The Chichester Local Plan Review Preferred Approach sets out how the future development in the District will be shaped, excluding the area within the South Downs National Park, up to 2035. It includes the overall development strategy as well as relevant strategic policies to meet the future needs of the area and development management policies to help guide development over the plan period. The Local Plan helps to:
* choose where the development goes;
* protect the character and beauty of the area;
* provide job and housing opportunities so that children can continue to work and live locally;
* support and help to boost the local economy;
* help residents to maintain healthy and active lifestyles; and,
* make sure that there is adequate services, travel options and community facilities.

The Chichester Local Plan was adopted in July 2015. At that time, the Local Plan was approved, but the Government Inspector said that it had to be reviewed again within five years, to make sure that sufficient housing was planned to meet the needs of the area.

The first part of the review process was carried out in June 2017 with an Issues and Options consultation, in which comments were invited regarding the overall development strategy and possible development locations. The Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach is the second stage of the process. It sets out the proposed development strategy and policies for the area to meet future needs.


West Sussex County Council Officer Level Comments
This note sets out West Sussex County Council's (WSCC) officer response to the consultation on the draft Chichester Local Plan Review Preferred Approach. It highlights key issues and suggested changes to which Chichester District Council (CDC) is requested to give consideration. We will continue to work with CDC in preparation of the Local Plan Review and the Infrastructure Delivery Plan regarding WSCC service requirements in order to mitigate planned development.


Minerals and Waste
A steady and adequate supply of minerals and the achievement of sustainable waste management can help to achieve a District or Borough Council's goals in relation to the economy, housing, transport, communications, strategic infrastructure and the environment. Therefore, District and Borough Local Plans should recognise the importance of minerals and waste issues as relevant to the scope of their overall strategies.

We welcome the reference to the adopted Minerals and Waste Local Plans and safeguarding in the document and the requirements in policies where a site is located within a minerals safeguarding area, or near to a safeguarded waste site. There are some missing references to safeguarding of minerals and waste sites for some of the proposed allocations, set out below and request that these references are added. It is also requested that 'Joint' is added into the references for the Joint Minerals Local Plan through the document.

Policy W23 of the Waste Local Plan applies to all Districts & Boroughs, regarding waste management within development and should be referenced in the Chichester Local Plan Review.

AL3 East of Chichester
The site is to the north of the Fuel Depot site allocation in the Waste Local Plan (Policy W10) for a built waste facility as part of a comprehensive redevelopment of the site (including complimentary non-waste uses). The East of Chichester allocation is the land to the north, bisected by the railway line, of the Fuel Depot. Reference should be made to giving consideration to the allocation, and therefore its safeguarding.

AL4 Westhampnett/North East Chichester
Reference should be made to minerals safeguarding, for consistency with other allocations, as within the sharp sand and gravel safeguarding area.

AL5 Southern Gateway
Reference should be made to the mineral infrastructure safeguarding policy M10 as within 200m of the Chichester Railhead.

AL6 South-West of Chichester
Reference should be made to the mineral infrastructure safeguarding policy M10 as within 300m of the Chichester Railhead.

AL7 Highgrove Farm Bosham
Remove reference to minerals safeguarding as the site is not within the safeguarding or consultation area.

AL12 Park Farm Selsey
Reference should be made to minerals safeguarding as site is within the sharp sand and gravel safeguarding area.

Neighbourhood plan allocations
Sites are yet to be allocated though neighbourhood plans. It is considered that the Joint Minerals Local Plan and Waste Local Plan are referenced, particularly with regards to safeguarding policies (M9, M10 and W2) and these documents and policies are given detailed consideration when allocating sites. Development at, adjacent or proximal to existing waste or mineral sites / infrastructure should be the subject to consultation with WSCC.


Connectivity and Sustainable Travel
The County council has worked with the District Council on the preparation of the transport evidence base study undertaken by Peter Brett Associates for the District Council. The recommended transport mitigation strategy, as assessed using the Chichester Area Transport Model has been demonstrated to be capable in principle to prevent the development from resulting in severe residual cumulative impacts on the highways and transport network. However, the recommended strategy has several risks to deliverability and acceptability associated with it, which require further work to be undertaken to demonstrate that the strategy can be implemented in its current form to provide the forecasted mitigation to travel conditions.

There are three locations where new highway alignments are proposed outside of existing highways boundaries. Two of these may include significant earthworks or structures to be delivered, being Stockbridge Link Road and Terminus Road diversion. The cost of the mitigation strategy exceeds a figure which could reasonably be supported by the value of the proposed development developer contributions alone, therefore the delivery of the strategy will depend upon securing of external grant funding to top up developer contributions. WSCC will work with the District Council in supporting and or applying for funding, the District Council needing to secure Highways England to support funding applications for A27 improvements. The proposed junction designs for the A27 Stockbridge and Whyke roundabouts include bans to well used right turn movements off the Chichester A27 bypass which result in significant forecast changes to traffic flows on local roads in the south of Chichester and on the Manhood Peninsular.

There is a need to ensure the land outside the highway boundary is available and the plan should set out how this land will be acquired to deliver the measures, it may be that a commitment to use, if required, and therefore reference to CPO be made in the policy.

Funding for the mitigation strategy is uncertain. It is considered that the Plan should set out how it will deal with this uncertainty. This could include trigger points in the monitoring framework to trigger a change of approach or alternative options to deliver the required development.

These factors mean that feasibility work is necessary to be undertaken prior to Plan submission, to reduce as far as practicable risks to costs, land take, impacts and deliverability of the proposed transport strategy in order to show that the strategy can be implemented within the plan period and that the funding strategy will be sufficient to meet the design requirements. In particular the following will need to be addressed:

* Statutory undertakers equipment under the roads junctions to be impacted.
* Extent of earthworks required to create a vertical and horizontal alignment compliant with design standards. Design audit to identify any required departures from standard.
* Designing for drainage and flooding issues, including compliance with the WSCC LLFA Policy for the Management of Surface Water, November 2018.
* Designs for structures to cross watercourses - Stockbridge Link Road
* Design should include suitable provision for rights of way and footway crossings
* Scoping for whether and at what level further Environmental Impact Assessment will be required.
* Stage 1 Road safety Audit, designers response report and resulting amendments to designs.
* Land take required after feasibility level designs have been developed and availability of required land.
* Wophams Lane - impacts of forecast changes to flow patterns to take B2201 southbound traffic on requirements for highway width, alignment, footway provision and junctions with A286 Birdham Road and B2201 Selsey Road; design solution required.
* Quarry Lane, Kingsham Avenue /Road, Terminus Road; impacts of forecast flow changes on highway users, residential and commercial frontagers and measures to manage through traffic whilst maintaining local access

Sustainable transport measures will also be required to mitigate planned development. These will be identified through more detailed assessments of sites including pre-application consideration. Funding will need to be identified through development and other sources as well in some cases.

Public Rights of Way
There is support for the Local Plan Review's approach to Public Rights Of Way (PROW), not just for the potential to impact on existing public off-road access but also the opportunity it brings to enhance this access for the benefit of future residents, communities and visitors. PROW deliver benefits for personal health and wellbeing; sustainable transport; reduction of air pollution and road congestion; are able to support local economies; and they connect communities.
WSCC PROW welcomes several aspects of the Vision statement, which give support to the protection and enhancement of the PROW network, and provision of safe and convenient off-road access opportunities for residents and visitors:

* Pursue a healthy lifestyle and benefit from a sense of well-being supported by good access to education, health, leisure, open space and nature, sports and other essential facilities;
* Live in sustainable neighbourhoods supported by necessary infrastructure and facilities;
* Move around safely and conveniently with opportunities to choose alternatives to car travel.

The Local Plan Strategic Objectives offer further support to enhance off-road access, particularly to 'Encourage healthy and active lifestyles for all, developing accessible health and leisure facilities and linked green spaces'. However, the objective to 'Achieve a sustainable and integrated transport system through improved cycling networks and links to public transport' should recognise walking also as an important mode for many people; some strategic enhancements will significantly improve walkers' safety and convenience.

It is considered that West of Chichester the A259 could act as a corridor for increased volumes of non-motorised access, particularly cycling. Improvement of the existing on-road facility and development of a various 'feeder' routes to connect with the many settlements, perhaps using quiet lanes in places, would encourage cycling particularly to be a natural alternative to vehicle use. Policy S18: Integrated Coastal Zone Management for the Manhood Peninsula, gives regard to such an ambition in stating it will 'Improve infrastructure to support sustainable modes of transport, especially cycle ways, bridleways and footpaths, including the National Coastal Footpath'.

The National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) Open Space and Recreation, para 97b) states:
the loss resulting from the proposed development would be replaced by equivalent or better provision in terms of quantity and quality in a suitable location.
The NPPF para 98 also states:
Planning policies and decisions should protect and enhance public rights of way and access, including taking opportunities to provide better facilities for users, for example by adding links to existing rights of way networks including National Trails.'
There is support for Policy S20: Design, that recognises these requirements in stating development 'is well connected to provide safe and convenient ease of movement by all users, prioritising pedestrian and cycle movements both within the scheme and neighbouring areas and ensuring that the needs of vehicular traffic does not dominate at the expense of other modes of transport, or undermine the resulting quality of places' and 'incorporates and/or links to high quality Green Infrastructure and landscaping to enhance biodiversity and meet recreational needs, including public rights of way'.


Education
As the local education authority, WSCC has the statutory duty to ensure that there is a sufficient supply of suitable school places to meet statutory requirements for early years, primary, secondary and sixth form provision (including up to age 25 for those with special educational needs and/or disabilities). Education infrastructure, or contributions to provide infrastructure, will be required in order to mitigate proposed development. We will continue to work with CDC in preparation of the Local Plan Review and the Infrastructure Delivery Plan regarding education and other service requirements in order to mitigate planned development.

The table below sets out the primary, secondary school and sixth form requirements to mitigate proposed development. SEE ATTACHMENT FOR TABLE

AL1 Land West of Chichester

It should be noted that phase one of this development will provide the primary school with the core of the building being built to the specification for a 2 form entry (FE) school and 1FE teaching accommodation. Phase 2 as per 6.10 on page 93 should include expansion of the primary school for the further 1FE of teaching accommodation.

AL2 Land at Shopwhyke (Oving Parish)

No update to original response for this allocation is required.

AL3 Land East of Chichester - previously South of Shopwhyke

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there is insufficient space within the primary schools that serve this proposed development. Further capacity would be required to accommodate the development. Land for a 1 FE expandable to 2FE and pro rata share of the build costs would be required.

If numbers were to increase on the east side of the city, education provision will need to be reviewed, potentially a further 1FE may be required including land provision, this could be in the form of an expansion or a new school being built capable of expansion to 3FE.

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be expansion capacity to accommodate the child product from this proposed development for secondary aged pupils. Contributions would be required for expansion of secondary schools if feasible and required.

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be expansion capacity to accommodate the child product from this proposed development for sixth form pupils. Contributions would be required for expansion of the provision if feasible and required.

AL4 Land at Westhampnett / North East Chichester

The remaining 200 dwellings will impact on the education provision in the area, financial contributions towards expansion of existing or pro rata costs towards the expansion of the school within AL3.

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be expansion capacity to accommodate the child product from this proposed development for secondary aged pupils. Contributions would be required for expansion of secondary schools if feasible and required.

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be expansion capacity to accommodate the child product from this proposed development for sixth form pupils. Contributions would be required for expansion of the provision if feasible and required.

AL5 Southern Gateway

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be sufficient space or expansion capacity to accommodate the child product from the strategic allocation of 350 dwellings in the Southern Gateway. However, consideration should be given to the cumulative impact of housing in the area Land South West of Chichester (AL6) to allocate land within the area for a 1FE expandable to 2FE primary school. Pro rata financial contributions towards the build costs would be sought from developers to mitigate their impact.

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be expansion capacity to accommodate the child product from this proposed development for secondary aged pupils. Contributions would be required for expansion of secondary schools if feasible and required.

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be expansion capacity to accommodate the child product from this proposed development for sixth form pupils. Contributions would be required for expansion of the provision if feasible and required.

AL6 Land South West of Chichester (Apuldram & Donnington Parishes)

It should be noted that the primary education provision in this area is either in Chichester City Centre which means crossing the main A27 or by travelling south towards the peninsula. Consideration should be given to the cumulative impact of further housing in the area along with the Southern Gateway allocation (AL5) to allocate land within the strategic allocation site for a 1FE expandable to 2FE primary school. Pro rata financial contributions towards the build costs would be sought from developers to mitigate their impact.

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be expansion capacity to accommodate the child product from this proposed development for secondary aged pupils. Contributions would be required for expansion of secondary schools if feasible and required.

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be expansion capacity to accommodate the child product from this proposed development for sixth form pupils. Contributions would be required for expansion of the provision if feasible and required.

AL7 Bosham

The current primary provision serving the area is at capacity, expansion of the school on its existing site is not possible. As part of the strategic allocation, it is proposed that land for a 2FE primary school be provided. The strategic allocation of 250 dwellings in isolation does not require a new school to be built. Certainty over the land allocation and sufficient funding will be key drivers in realising this proposal.

AL7, AL10 and AL13 are all within the same school planning area, the cumulative total of the strategic allocations brings forward a requirement for c3 forms of entry additional school places. The Local Plan, as currently drafted, indicates an oversupply of school places which could affect the viability of all the schools in the planning area.

Expansion of the secondary school may be possible. Contributions would be required for expansion of secondary schools if feasible and required.

AL9 Fishbourne

The primary school serving the area is currently at capacity, expansion of the school may be possible, feasibility / options appraisals would need to be undertaken.

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be sufficient space or expansion capacity to accommodate the child product from this proposed development for secondary aged pupils. Contributions would be required for expansion of primary and secondary schools and sixth form if feasible and required.

AL8 East Wittering

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be sufficient space or expansion capacity to accommodate the child product from this proposed development.

Contributions would be required for expansion of primary and secondary schools if feasible and required.

AL10 Chidham and Hambrook area

The current primary provision serving the area is at capacity, expansion of the school on its existing site is not possible. As part of the strategic allocation, it is proposed that land for a 2FE primary school be provided. Certainty over the land allocation and sufficient funding will be key drivers in realising this proposal.

AL7, AL10 and AL13 are all within the same school planning area, the cumulative total of the strategic allocations brings forward a requirement for c3 forms of entry additional school places. The Local Plan, as currently drafted, indicates an oversupply of school places which could affect the viability of all the schools in the planning area.

Expansion of the secondary school may be possible. Contributions would be required for expansion of secondary schools if feasible and required.

AL11 Hunston

Any development within this area cannot currently be accommodated in the existing primary school at North Mundham. Further capacity would be required to accommodate the development, CDC will need to work with WSCC to determine how additional capacity in the area could be accommodated if land is to be allocated.

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be sufficient space or expansion capacity to accommodate the child product from this proposed development for secondary aged pupils. Contributions would be required for expansion of secondary schools and sixth form if feasible and required.

AL12 Selsey

Further capacity would be required to accommodate the development. Contributions (and possibly land if required) would be sought to meet the pupil product from the development in the most appropriate form once this can be clarified.

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be sufficient space to accommodate the child product from this proposed development for secondary aged pupils. Contributions would be required for expansion of secondary schools if feasible and required.

AL13 Southbourne

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there is insufficient space within the primary schools that serve this proposed development. Further capacity would be required to accommodate the development. Land for a 2form entry expandable to 3FE primary school and pro rata share of the build costs would be required.

AL7, AL10 and AL13 are all within the same school planning area, the cumulative total of the strategic allocations brings forward a requirement for c3 forms of entry additional school places. The Local Plan, as currently drafted, indicates an oversupply of school places which could affect the viability of all the schools in the planning area.

Expansion of the secondary school may be possible. Contributions would be required for expansion of secondary schools if feasible and required.

AL14 Tangmere

The current allocation of 1,300 dwellings will bring forward the requirement for land for a 1FE expandable to 2FE and financial contributions would be sought to meet the pupil product from the development in the most appropriate form once this can be clarified.

At the current time pupil place planning indicates that there would be sufficient space or expansion capacity to accommodate the child product from this proposed development for secondary aged pupils. Contributions would be required for expansion of secondary schools and sixth form if feasible and required.

Footnote: - if all of the proposed sites were to come forward the secondary school and sixth form provision would be full in the Chichester Planning Area. Expansion of the secondary schools in the Chichester Planning Area to cater for the increased demand would need to be sought from the academy sponsors, where appropriate and the Local Authority.


Lead Local Flood Authority
The Lead Local Flood Authority (LLFA) is concerned about the approach being taken with regard to ensuring potential wastewater treatment for proposed new sustainable development.

Paragraph 8 of the NPPF states:
8. Achieving sustainable development means that the planning system has three overarching objectives, which are interdependent and need to be pursued in mutually supportive ways (so that opportunities can be taken to secure net gains across each of the different objectives):

a) An economic objective - to help build a strong, responsive and competitive
economy, by ensuring that sufficient land of the right types is available in the
right places and at the right time to support growth, innovation and improved
productivity; and by identifying and coordinating the provision of infrastructure;

Paragraph 20 of the NPPF states:
20. Strategic policies should set out an overall strategy for the pattern, scale and quality of development, and make sufficient provision for:
a) housing (including affordable housing), employment, retail, leisure and other commercial development;
b) infrastructure for transport, telecommunications, security, waste management, water supply, wastewater, flood risk and coastal change management, and the provision of minerals and energy (including heat);

In the LLFAs view, the Local Plan Review is not setting out an overall strategy for the pattern, scale and quality of development in relation to arrangements for wastewater management. The LLFA considers that CDC needs to go further in incorporating within the Local Plan Review how this provision is being made.


Additional Policy Comments

Policy S12: Infrastructure Provision
Support the requirement that all development must provide or fund new infrastructure, facilities and services required, both on and off-site (including full fibre communications infrastructure) as a consequence of the proposal. The explicit reference to full fibre communications infrastructure is supported as this will provide gigabit-capable and future-proofed services to all development, existing and new. The reference to provision of facilities and services on and off-site is also supported as in the case of broadband for example, all development will be adequately equipped with the necessary infrastructure installed for the purposes of connecting to full fibre gigabit-capable broadband services. This policy supports the County Council's aim for increased digital infrastructure that will provide for gigabit-capable broadband and future technologies such as 5G.

Support the reference to safeguarding educational facilities under section 3 of the policy.

The policy includes the requirement to 'Facilitate accessibility to facilities and services by a range of transport modes'. PROW can offer vital access means for walkers and cyclists, such as for employment land use (e.g. commuting by bicycle) and in support of the high street, both for employees and customers. IT is considered that this Policy, also Policy S13: Chichester City Development Principles, should aim to encourage such access to be the natural and preferred modes of access, thereby helping achieve the benefits previously described. It is noted Policy S14: Chichester City Transport Strategy, does acknowledge cycling and walking and lends support to their improvement.

The supporting text, paragraph 4.81 makes reference to the Strategic Infrastructure Package (SIP). It is requested that this wording is removed and replaced with West Sussex County Council identifies service infrastructure requirements necessary to support new and existing communities, where strategic development and growth is proposed in Local Plans. These are required to deliver the County Council's statutory responsibilities, strategic objectives and current policy and feed into the preparation of the Infrastructure Delivery Plan.


Policy S13: Chichester City Development Principles
This policy, like policy S12, it is considered should aim to encourage such access to be the natural and preferred modes of access, thereby helping achieve the benefits previously described. It is noted Policy S14: Chichester City Transport Strategy, does acknowledge cycling and walking and lends support to their improvement.


Policy S23: Transport and Accessibility
The policy and supporting text paragraphs 5.15 - 5.33 refer to Transport Infrastructure. Understandably much consideration is given to the A27 around Chichester; however, in addition to seeking new infrastructure from new development, it is recommended support in principle is given to maximising the value of existing infrastructure so as to facilitate off-road user modes accessing either side of the A27.


S24: Countryside
Supporting text paragraphs 5.34 - 5.43, acknowledges 'it is necessary to provide for the social and economic needs of small rural communities, and enable those who manage, live and work in the countryside to continue to do so'. It is recognised in para 7.205, supporting text to policy SM35 Equestrian Development, the high numbers of liveried and stabled horses. A considerable network of businesses are supported by such a high equine population, and in addition to financial value within the local community there is considerable benefit in terms of health and wellbeing of individuals. It is suggested that Policy S24: Countryside, could recognise this specifically.


S27: Flood Risk Management
Supporting text paragraph 5.54, requested amendments underlined - as a consequence of the rise in sea levels and storm surges, parts of the plan area will be at increased risk from coastal erosion, groundwater, fluvial and/or tidal flooding. Hard defences may not be possible to maintain in the long term, therefore development needs to be strongly restricted in areas at risk to flooding and erosion, whilst ensuring that existing towns and villages are protected by sustainable means that make space for water in suitable areas. Development must take account of the policies of the relevant shoreline management plan

Supporting text paragraph 5.58, requested amendments underlined - Built development can lead to increased surface water run-off; therefore new
development is encouraged to incorporate mitigation techniques in its design, such as permeable surfaces and Sustainable Drainage Systems (SuDS). Where appropriate, SuDS should be used as part of the linked green infrastructure network to provide multiple functions and benefits to landscape quality, recreation and biodiversity. This can be achieved through habitat creation, new open spaces and good design. SuDS should be designed to help cope with intense rainfall events and to overcome any deterioration in water quality status. In determining the suitability of SuDS for individual development sites, developers should refer to guidance published by the Lead Local Flood Authority (LLFA): West Sussex LLFA Policy for the Management of Surface Water: https://www.westsussex.gov.uk/media/12230/ws_llfa_policy_for_management_of_surface_water.pdf and, if necessary, seek further advice from the Lead Local Flood Authority LLFA.

S27 policy text requested amendments underlined for section 1 - a. through a sequential approach, taking into consideration all forms of flooding, it is located in the lowest appropriate flood risk location in accordance with the NPPF and the Chichester Strategic Flood Risk Assessment (SFRA); and

S27 policy text requested amendments underlined for section 2. Sustainable drainage systems (SuDS) will be required on major developments (10 or more dwellings or equivalent) and encouraged for smaller schemes. SUDS should be designed into the landscape of all new development and should be included as part of a District wide approach to improve water quality and provide flood mitigation. A site-specific Flood Risk Assessment will be required for sites within or adjacent to areas at risk of surface water flooding as identified in the SFRA. There should be no increase in either the volume or rate of surface water runoff leaving the site.

S27 policy text requested additional bullet point as number 4 - Clear management arrangements and funding for their ongoing maintenance over the lifetime of the development should be proposed. Planning conditions and / or obligations will be used to secure these arrangements.

S27 policy text requested amendments underlined for section 2, but would be section 5 - Development should not result in any property or highway, on or off site, being at greater risk of flooding than the 1 in 100 year storm return period, including an allowance for climate change.


Policy S29: Green Infrastructure
The Green Infrastructure policy is welcomed, including provision of new Green Infrastructure as an integral part of the development at Strategic Development Locations. It is recommended that measures are put in place to secure the long term management of such Green Infrastructure.


Policy S30: Strategic Wildlife Corridors
The identification of Strategic Wildlife Corridors and inclusion of a policy to safeguard them from development is welcomed. It is recommended that CDC promotes positive conservation management within these corridors to maximise their contribution to maintaining and enhancing biodiversity. As stated in Section 5.66, 'These corridors do not stop at the plan area boundaries.' Thus, it is recommended that CDC works in partnership with Chichester Harbour Conservancy and The South Downs National Park Authority to ensure that these Strategic Wildlife Corridors continue to provide effective corridors and connectivity across the wider landscape.

Section 5.66 refers to four Strategic Wildlife Corridors connecting Chichester Harbour with the South Downs National Park but it is noted that there is no mention of the Strategic Wildlife Corridors to the east of Chichester which connect Pagham Harbour with the South Downs National Park (as seen in Policy Map S30b). It is also noted that the maps referred to in Section 5.66, Maps 5.1 & 5.2 are missing.

WSCC and CDC promoted a Mitigated Northern Route for the A27 at Chichester as the preferred option, subject to the inclusion of important mitigation measures that are needed to make the scheme acceptable in environmental terms and the 'full southern route' as a reasonable alternative. Both routes could impact on the identified Strategic Wildlife Corridors. As currently drafted, Policy S30 would seem to prevent a mitigated northern route from coming forward in the future. Therefore, the District Council should consider whether the policy is overly restrictive (for example should it refer to 'significant adverse impacts' or 'unacceptable adverse impacts'?) and how it would be applied if a northern route for A27 were to come forward in the future.


Policy S31: Wastewater Management and Water Quality
S27 policy text requested amendments underlined for section 3, this - Where appropriate, development should contribute to the delivery of identified actions to deliver infiltration reduction across the catchment. Where appropriate development should contribute to the delivery of identified actions to deliver a reduction in the level of infiltration of groundwater into the sewer system.


Policy AL1: Land West of Chichester
AL1 policy text requested additional bullet point as number 8 - Increase capacity to attenuate surface water on site, thereby reducing the discharge flows off the site below current rates and reducing the risk of flooding to residential areas downstream.

AL1 policy text requested additional bullet point under 15 as 15 b- Provide mitigation for any loss of watercourse habitat resulting from culverting for highway provision in the development;

AL1 policy text in supporting 'improved cycle and pedestrian routes linking the site with the city, Fishbourne and the South Downs National Park', a new key link for cycling will be to Salthill Road, thereby enabling cyclists to benefit from the existing bridge crossing of the A27 for journeys to and from the west.


AL2: Land at Shopwyke (Oving Parish)
The policy acknowledges need 'for foot/cycle bridge across A27 to Coach Road'. There is also need for equestrian users to cross the A27 and WSCC PROW has received several enquiries seeking support for such infrastructure. Consideration could be given to the proposed bridge providing for all three modes.


AL3: East of Chichester (Oving Parish)
AL3 supporting text requested amendments underlined for paragraph 6.22 - The site is identified for 600 dwellings, however, there may be potential to deliver a large strategic development of 1000 dwellings, subject to further evidence, including the testing of additional growth on the local highway network and capacity of the site to provide flood risk attenuation for the increased housing density. The site should be master planned as a whole, and delivered through a phased development over a ten year period. Although the site is physically separated from the city by the A27 Chichester Bypass, the development should form a planned extension to the city, forming a new neighbourhood. This will involve opportunities to provide new facilities to serve the wider local community with good off-site access, particularly by walking and cycling to existing local facilities and facilities in the city.

AL3 policy requires exploring integrated green infrastructure with other strategic sites to the north east of the city, Tangmere and the wider countryside. It is considered that future residents will have expectations for provision of safe and convenient links towards Oving and also across the railway to link to the A259 cycle path and PROW south of the A259. It is considered that the policy should be strengthened to ensure such provision.


Policy AL4: Land at Westhampnett/North East Chichester
AL4 policy text requested amendments underlined for section 3 - Open space and green infrastructure, including a linear greenspace with public access along the Lavant Valley.

Taking into account the site-specific requirements, proposals for the site should satisfy the following requirements:

Policy AL4 policy, it is welcomed that 'provision should be made for green links to the South Downs National Park and Chichester City.' Safe and convenient walking and cycling to Lavant, from where people will access the South Downs, will provide for sustainable transport use.


Policy AL5 Southern Gateway
AL5 supporting text requested amendments underlined for paragraph 6.38 - The area has been identified as suitable for comprehensive regeneration with the aim being to make it a more attractive and welcoming gateway for the city, providing new housing, business and retail space and leisure and tourism facilities. Opportunities will be identified to improve transport links with a focus on cycling, walking and public transport and the removal of non-essential traffic from the area. There is also scope for significant public space enhancements and new landscaping incorporating blue / green infrastructure delivering multi-functional benefits.

AL5 policy text requested amendments underlined for section 5 - Provision of open space that:
* Is in accordance with Policy DM34, including retention of the existing playing pitch unless suitable re-provision is provided;
* Reinforces / enhances green and blue infrastructure consistent with Policy S29 and fully exploits the opportunities for sustainable drainage.


AL5 policy text requested amendments underlined for section 8 - Provision of both a surface and waste water management plan which demonstrates no net increase in flow to Apuldram Waste Water Treatment Works would result from this development, unless suitable alternative provision is agreed;


Policy AL6: Land South-West of Chichester (Apuldram and Donnington Parishes)
The LLFA has concerns regarding the lack of reference to flood risk constraints of the site in Policy AL6. There is reference to flood risk in paragraph 6.47. However, the policy itself makes no reference to these constraints.
The constraints arise from a combination of the following:

* Current tidal /fluvial flood risk extending from Chichester harbour to the west and up the River Lavant floodplain; (Map 1)
* Future tidal /fluvial flood risk associated with climate change; (Map 1)
* Constraints on infiltration of surface water run off because of high seasonal groundwater levels (<0.025m below the surface) (Map 2); and
* Constraints on gravity outfalls because of the low relief and long-term reduction in tidal window for discharge.

The above limits the options for how the site can be effectively drained without a step change from typically employed methods to embrace more innovative and currently expensive options e.g. blue roofs and rainwater harvesting.

The LLFA recommends that the policy sets out both the above constraints and the type of innovative drainage that will be required to achieve the development objectives for the site.



Key: Projected medium projection extent of SLR based upon 4m contour

AL6 extent

Current Flood Zone 3 extent.

Current Areas of high (1:30) surface water flood risk

Map 1 Existing and projected Tidal and surface water flood risk for AL6.

Consistent with paragraph 3.2 of the SFRA, given the high risk of flooding both now and into the future for this site, it is recommended that CDC gives consideration to the climate change maps to understand how the flood zones are predicted to change over the lifetime of the development.


Key:
AL6 boundary.

Groundwater levels are either at very near (within 0.025m of) the ground surface.

Groundwater levels are between 0.025m and 0.5m below the ground surface

Map 2 Groundwater flood risk JBA

Policy AL6 WSCC PROW considers 'necessary highway improvements to adequately mitigate the likely impacts on the highway network' to include a bridge crossing of the A27 for convenient walking and cycling access to the Terminus Road industrial estate and the city. There is an existing public footpath but, as this crosses the A27 at-grade, this will not provide the safest facility and not encourage people to minimise use of vehicles for local access. Provision of a bridge and access through the site could also establish a valuable link to the popular Salterns Way walking and cycle path. An additional link to Salterns Way should also be provided off the A286 for the benefit of Stockbridge residents as a safer alternative to the A286.


AL 7 Highgrove Farm, Bosham
The LLFA notes that the above site has the potential for a moderate risk of groundwater flooding. It is likely that this is perched groundwater draining from higher ground / springs to the north that lies in the superficial mixed sediments underlain by Lambeth Clay.


Policy AL8: East Wittering Parish
Due to no information on where housing is going to be located so the LLFA is not in a position to comment on proposed housing allocation sites at this stage.

The policy requires 'Opportunities ... for the expansion and provision of green infrastructure into the wider countryside including between settlements and facilities'. Existing and future residents and the local visitor economy would benefit by delivery of an off-road route for walkers, cyclists and horse riders to and from the Medmerry development and towards Selsey. It is considered that Policy AL8 should aim to deliver this enhancement specifically.


Policy AL9: Fishbourne Parish
Due to no information on where housing is going to be located so the LLFA is not in a position to comment on proposed housing allocation sites at this stage.

It is considered that off-road cycling links to land West of Chichester (off Salthill Road) and to Bosham (off Park Lane) would benefit this community with enhanced sustainable connectivity.


Policy AL10: Chidham and Hambrook Parish
Due to no information on where housing is going to be located so the LLFA is not in a position to comment on proposed housing allocation sites at this stage.

The policy requires 'opportunities' to develop green infrastructure and links to other communities. An opportunity, in conjunction with Highways England, exists to maximise the value of existing infrastructure by creating a new bridleway (for walkers, cyclists and horse riders) on a path using an existing A27 overbridge.


Policy AL11: Hunston Parish
Due to no information on where housing is going to be located so the LLFA is not in a position to comment on proposed housing allocation sites at this stage.

The village is already well connected for walkers to access the surrounding countryside but there are presently no local cycling or horse riding facilities on the PROW network. A bridleway link to South Mundham (with the potential for future cycle links to Pagham and towards Bognor Regis) and to Sidlesham via the golf course and Brimfast Lane would provide residents and visitors with improved access to the countryside and services.


Policy AL12: Land North of Park Farm, Selsey
It is unclear why the policy map shows the proposed strategic allocation lies outside of the Neighbourhood Plan proposed settlement boundary. Some explanation for this anomaly would be helpful in the text.


Groundwater flood risk as depicted by JBA mapping (Brown = seasonal groundwater level lies between 0.025 and 0.5m below the surface).

The principle concern that the LLFA wishes to highlight is the need to ensure that the necessary foul sewerage infrastructure to support development is in place. It is the LLFA understanding that the Siddlesham WWTW experiences capacity issues currently, in part exacerbated by groundwater infiltration. While Policy AL12 states: Development proposals will need to demonstrate that sufficient capacity will be available within the sewer network, including waste water treatment works, to accommodate the proposed development in accordance with Policy S31.

The policy proposes only to provide 'pedestrian links between the site and new development south of Park Lane'. It is considered that cycling links should also be provided.


Policy DM8: Transport, Accessibility and Parking
The PROW network can provide vital means for communities to interact and encourage sustainable local access. The policy requirement to create 'links between new development and existing pedestrian, cycle and public transport networks' is welcomed. However, establishing links into surrounding existing development should not be overlooked also - the greater the permeability, the greater the use.


Policy DM10: New Employment Sites
Whilst mentioned earlier in the Plan in respect of a number of specific sites, this policy should specifically aim to provide, as a matter of course, suitable walking and cycling infrastructure to encourage local sustainable access. This infrastructure may need to extend outside a site boundary so as to provide safe and convenient connection to existing infrastructure. This principle should apply also to Policy DM13: Built Tourist and Leisure Development and Policy DM14: Caravan and Camping Sites.


Policy DM32: Green Infrastructure
Whilst it is recognised the policy proposes support subject to not 'dissect[ing] ... the linear network of cycle ways, public rights of way, bridleways ...', the policy could lend support to establishing new routes as part of the Green Infrastructure network itself.


Policy DM35: Equestrian Development
It is appreciated why the Plan would wish to require future equine development to be 'well related to or has improved links to the existing bridleway network'. However, this will add to the pressure of use on the existing bridleway network, which is not extensive outside of the South Downs, so will increase degradation of paths. Future developments must, therefore, accept to contribute in some way, acceptable to the local highway authority, to mitigate the additional impact to be created so all lawful users are not disadvantaged.


Policy DM29: Biodiversity
The measures to safeguard and enhance the biodiversity value of development sites are welcomed, including seeking net biodiversity gain.


Schedule of proposed changes to the policies map
S30a West of City Corridors -suggest title should be West of City Strategic Wildlife Corridors (to match S30b: East of City Strategic Wildlife Corridors. The Strategic Wildlife Corridors are depicted in different colour patterns on the two plans which is somewhat confusing.


Strategic Wildlife Corridors Local Plan Review Background Paper
Proposed Hermitage to Westbourne Strategic Wildlife Corridor
A large area depicted as Biodiversity Opportunity Area (BOA) in Fig. 1 (immediately to the south of the Rivers Ems & Meadows Local Wildlife Site, Westbourne) is in fact housing and forms part of the settlement of Westbourne. You should consider if this land should be included as having potential for biodiversity enhancement.


Glossary
Includes Sites of Nature Conservation Importance (SNCIs) but not Local Wildlife Sites (LWSs). SNCIs are now known as LWSs.

Attachments:

Comment

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 2242

Received: 01/02/2019

Respondent: Historic England

Representation:

Suggest amend para 3.1

Welcome inclusion of heritage in the Vision.

Welcome ref to historic cathedral city in para 3.4

Welcome/support para 3.14

Full text:

Paragraph 1.5 of the Local Plan Review states "This Plan seeks to balance the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development". "Balance" implies some gains and some losses. However, this does not reflect the four bullet points that follow this sentence.
In addition, Paragraph 8 of the National Planning Policy Framework explains that;
"Achieving sustainable development means that the planning system has three overarching objectives, which are interdependent and need to be pursued in mutually supportive ways (so that opportunities can be taken to secure net gains across each of the different objectives)".

We therefore suggest that "balance" is not the most appropriate word.

The three overarching objectives include; "c) an environmental objective - to contribute to protecting and enhancing our natural, built and historic environment......". We therefore welcome the fourth bullet point of paragraph 1.5; "Protecting and enhancing the unique and special qualities of our environment".

Reword the first sentence of paragraph 1.5 as; "This Plan seeks to deliver the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development in mutually supportive ways".

Paragraph 1.16 explains that the National Planning Policy Framework reiterates the importance of significantly boosting the supply of new dwellings, whilst ensuring provision for other development needs including economic growth.
Whilst not untrue, we consider that this does not fully represent the Government's objectives and policies as set out in the Framework and therefore gives the misleading impression that the Framework is only about housing supply and economic development.
In fact, the protection and enhancement of the natural, built and historic environment is also identified as important in the Framework e.g. in the environmental overarching objective for the planning system as set out in paragraphs 8, 11b)i and 20 d).
Reword the final sentence of paragraph 1.16 as:
"The importance of significantly boosting the supply of new dwellings is reiterated, whilst ensuring provision for other development needs including economic growth and protecting and enhancing the natural, built and historic environment".
Paragraph 31 of the National Planning Policy Framework requires "The preparation and review of all policies should be underpinned by relevant and up-to-date evidence". We previously expressed our concerns about the historic evidence base for the policy framework for the district when commenting on the Issues and Options stage of the Local Plan Review;
"We are aware of the Council's series of Conservation Area Character Appraisals, The Future Growth of Chichester Study and the Landscape Capacity Studies. However, the Council's "Supporting documents" webpage has no historic environment documents and we are not clear if the Council has other historic environment evidence e.g. is there an extensive urban survey of Chichester or other townscape or characterisation study ? Is there an urban archaeological database ? Is there a list of locally important heritage assets ? Has the Council undertaken a survey of grade II buildings at risk ?".
However, looking at the Council's Local Plan Review Preferred Approach Plan - Evidence Base - December 2018 webpage, the only specific historic environment evidence base document identified is the Chichester Historic Environment Strategy and Action Plan. Whilst we welcome the Strategy, we have previously expressed the view that we do not consider that it forms, by itself, an adequate historic environment evidence base for the Local Plan Review.
We are aware that the Council has a list of locally important buildings, but that Chichester was not covered by the West Sussex Extensive Historic Town Surveys - perhaps as it was thought a candidate for the more intensive approach of an Urban Archaeological Database (UAD). However, we are not aware that such a UAD exists, and whilst we are aware of the Council's Historic Environment Record (the availability of which accords with paragraph 187 of the National Planning Policy Framework), we do wonder if the archaeological evidence and significance of the city is fully understood and readily available. We suggested that the Historic Environment Strategy could set out actions to enhance understanding and management of the archaeological resource of the historic city and we would be pleased to discuss how we might be able to assist with this.
We will expect the Council to have an adequate, up-to-date and relevant historic environment evidence base and to demonstrate in the Pre-Submission Local Plan how that historic evidence base has informed and influenced the Plan's policies and site allocations.
The historic environment evidence base for the Local Plan Review should be set out on the Council's Evidence Base webpage. If there are indeed gaps in that evidence base, then these should be filled and that evidence taken on board in preparing the Pre-Submission Local Plan Review document.
Historic England welcomes and supports the reference to the historic environment of Chichester district, and the heritage assets therein, in paragraphs 2.27 and 2.28 as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework.

Historic England welcomes and supports, in principle, the identification of "Protect the area's valuable heritage and historic assets" as one of the challenges faced by the Plan.
However, the National Planning Policy Framework requires local plans to deliver an environmental overarching objective which includes "to contribute to conserving and enhancing our natural, built and historic environment" (paragraph 8 c)) and to include strategic policies to make sufficient provision for "conservation and enhancement of the natural, built and historic environment" (our underlining).
The Framework therefore requires local planning authorities, through their local plans, to do more than just conserve the historic environment i.e. to enhance it as well. This should be identified as a challenge (although it is also an opportunity).
Reword the last bullet point of paragraph 2.28 as; "Protect and enhance the area's valuable heritage and historic assets".
Historic England welcomes, in principle, as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework, the reference to the historic environment in paragraph 3.1;

"It is the intention of the Council to enable the delivery of infrastructure, jobs, accessible local services and housing for future generations while supporting the historic and natural environment".

However, the National Planning Policy Framework refers to "conserving and enhancing our natural, built and historic environment" (paragraph 8 c)) and the "conservation and enhancement of the natural, built and historic environment". We therefore suggest that "supporting" should be "conserving and enhancing" as terminology more consistent with the Framework and possibly ambiguous than "supporting".

Reword the first sentence of paragraph 3.1 as;
"It is the intention of the Council to enable the delivery of infrastructure, jobs, accessible local services and housing for future generations while conserving and enhancing the historic, built and natural environment".
Historic England welcomes the inclusion of "Have a quality of life that is enriched through opportunities to enjoy our local culture, arts and a conserved and enhanced heritage;" in the Vision as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework.
Historic England welcomes "As an historic walled cathedral city, its rich cultural and architectural heritage will be conserved, enhanced and promoted together with the views and landscape value afforded by its setting" in paragraph 3.4 as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework.
Historic England welcomes and supports "The conservation and enhancement of the historic environment, the high quality landscapes and the agricultural and other rural activities that support it will remain paramount" in paragraph 3.14 as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework.
Historic England welcomes and supports, in principle, the Strategic Objective "Conserve and enhance landscape and heritage" as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework. However, we suggest that it could be rather more ambitious e.g. "Conserve, enhance, increase appreciation and enjoyment of and access to heritage"
Paragraph 4.2 states that; "New development must achieve sustainable development principles and must not adversely affect the character, quality, amenity or safety of the built environment, wherever it occurs". The implication is that this is a requirement of the National Planning Policy Framework, but we cannot find this exact wording in the Framework.

However, paragraph 127 of the Framework does set out what planning policies and decisions should ensure of developments, including "are sympathetic to local character and history" and "establish or maintain a strong sense of place". In addition, paragraph 185 of the Framework requires plans to set out a positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment, which should take into account "the desirability of new development making a positive contribution to local character and distinctiveness".

We therefore consider that the final sentence of paragraph 4.2 should be revised to more closely reflect the requirements of the National Planning Policy Framework.

Reword the final sentence of paragraph 4.2 as ""New development must achieve sustainable development principles, must not adversely affect the history, quality, amenity or safety of the natural, built and historic environment and should make a positive contribution to local character and distinctiveness and establish or maintain a sense of place". (Alternatively, these could be set out as bullet points for clarity).
Historic England welcomes and supports "enhance the quality of the built, natural, historic, social and cultural environments" in Policy S2 as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework.
Although the historic environment is not identified as a constraint or as an opportunity for enhancement in paragraph 4.12 as a factor in the definition of the Settlement Hierarchy, we note that paragraph 4.14 does explain that consideration has been given to other factors in determining whether a settlement is a suitable location for additional housing growth. We would like to think that these other factors include the potential effects on the historic environment.
Historic England welcomes and supports "where possible enhances the character, significance and setting of heritage assets" as one of the considerations to guide potential discussions on a possible site for a new settlement in paragraph 4.33 as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework.
Historic England welcomes and supports "it is acknowledged that new development needs to be planned sensitively with special regard to the unique character of the city's historic environment and setting, and should be underpinned by historic characterisation assessments" in paragraph 4.90 as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework.
Nevertheless, we suggest that reference should also be made to heritage impact assessments to underpin the planning of new development.
Reword paragraph 4.90 to read;
"it is acknowledged that new development needs to be planned sensitively with special regard to the unique character of the city's historic environment and setting, and should be underpinned by historic characterisation assessment and heritage impact assessments".
Historic England welcomes and supports "such development will need to be sensitive to the
historic character of the city" in paragraph 4.91 as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework.
Historic England welcomes and supports "conserve and enhance the city's historic character and heritage", "Enhance the city's existing heritage, arts and cultural facilities", "Protect views of the cathedral" and "All development will be required to have special regard to the city's historic character and heritage. Development proposals should be underpinned by historic characterisation assessments and make a positive contribution to the city's unique character and distinctiveness" in Policy S13 as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework.
Nevertheless, we would like to see a reference to heritage impact assessments to underpin development proposals.
We also wonder if it would be helpful to have a specific policy to protect important views, allied to or combined with a policy for tall buildings in the historic city ?
Reword Policy SP13 to read "Development proposals should be underpinned by historic characterisation assessment and a heritage impact assessment......".
Historic England welcomes and supports "Any development proposals within the vicinity of the site must clearly demonstrate how the development would protect, and where possible enhance, the operation and heritage of the site as a motor-circuit and airfield" in Policy S15 as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework.
Historic England welcomes and supports "All proposals must ensure that the cultural and historical significance of the military facilities (and any other significant archaeological assets) located on the site, are understood and inform the scope of future development of that site" in Policy S17 as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework.
However, we would prefer "significant archaeological assets" to be retained in situ.
Reword Policy S17 as;
"All proposals must ensure that the cultural and historical significance of the military facilities (and any other significant archaeological assets) located on the site, are understood and inform the scope of future development of that site, with any significant archaeological assets retained in situ".
Paragraph 2.2 of the Plan notes that the North of the Plan Area has "rich cultural and heritage assets". We are surprised, therefore, that paragraph 4.128 has no mention of these assets.
Reword paragraph 4.128 "This part of the plan area is predominantly rural with few sizeable settlements, characterised by undulating countryside with a high proportion of woodland, typical of the Low Weald landscape. Conserving the rural character of the area, with its high quality landscape and natural and historic environment, is a key objective".
Historic England welcomes and supports "Conserve and enhance the rural character of the area, the quality of its landscape and the natural and historic environment;" in Policy S19 as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework.
Historic England welcomes paragraph 5.1 as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework.
Strictly-speaking, historic parks and gardens are registered for their special historic interest rather than their protection per se, but one of the purposes of Registration is to encourage appropriate protection and inclusion on the Register is a material consideration in the determination of planning applications.
Historic England welcomes paragraph 5.5 as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework.
Historic England welcomes and supports Policy S20, particularly the references to history, historic character and local identity in clause 1, sense of place in clause 2, character in clause 8 and high quality public realm in clause 11 as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework.
However, we would also like to see a specific clause relating to heritage assets.
Add a new clause; "conserves or enhances the significance, special interest, character and appearance of heritage assets".
Historic England welcomes and supports paragraph 5.12 as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework.
Historic England welcomes, in principle, paragraph 5.13 states that "Where development proposals might affect a heritage asset the Council will identify and assess the particular significance of the heritage asset and seek to avoid or minimise any conflict between the conservation of the heritage asset and any aspect of the proposal" as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework.
This very largely reflects paragraph 190 of the National Planning Policy Framework, but the Framework requires local planning authorities to take the particular significance of any heritage asset that might be affected by a proposal into account when considering the impact of a proposal on a heritage asset, "to avoid or minimise any conflict between the heritage asset's conservation and any aspect of the proposal". The requirement is clear - any conflict should be avoided or minimised; it is not sufficient to merely "seek to" avoid or minimise that conflict.

In addition, paragraph 189 of the Framework states;

"In determining applications, local planning authorities should require an applicant to describe the significance of any heritage assets affected, including any contribution made by their setting......Where a site on which development is proposed includes, or has the potential to include, heritage assets with archaeological interest, local planning authorities should require developers to submit an appropriate desk-based assessment and, where necessary, a field evaluation.

There is, therefore, a clear onus to be placed upon the applicant/developer to identify and describe the significance of any heritage assets affected.

Paragraphs 193, 194, 195 and 196 of the Framework set out how local planning authorities should consider the impact of a proposed development on the significance of a designated heritage asset. We believe that this could usefully be summarised in the Plan.

Reword paragraph 5.13;
"Where development proposals might affect a heritage asset the Council will identify and assess the particular significance of the heritage asset and take that significance into account when considering the impact of a proposal on a heritage asset, to avoid or minimise any conflict between the heritage asset's conservation and any aspect of the proposal".
Add new paragraphs;
"For applications which affect, or have the potential to affect, heritage assets the applicant will be expected to describe the significance of the asset and its setting, using appropriate expertise; at a level of detail proportionate to its significance and sufficient to understand the potential impact of the proposal; using appropriate references such as the Historic Environment Record and, if necessary, original survey (including, for assets of archaeological interest, an appropriate desk-based assessment and, where necessary, a field evaluation)";
"When considering the impact of a proposed development on the significance of a designated heritage asset, the Council will give great weight to the asset's conservation. Any harm to, or loss of, the significance of a designated heritage asset (from its alteration or destruction, or from development within its setting), will require clear and convincing justification"; and

"The Council will refuse proposals that would lead to substantial harm to (or total loss of significance of) a designated heritage asset unless it can be demonstrated that the substantial harm or total loss is necessary to achieve substantial public benefits that outweigh that harm or loss, or all of the circumstances in paragraph 195 of the National Planning Policy Framework apply. For proposals that would lead to less than substantial harm to the significance of a designated heritage asset, the Council will weigh this harm against the public benefits of the proposal".

Historic England welcomes and supports Policy S22, which we consider complies with the requirements of paragraphs 17 and 20 of the National Planning Policy Framework to contain strategic policies and for those strategic policies to make sufficient provision for the conservation and enhancement of the historic environment.

We also consider that the policy forms part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework. We consider that the word "positive" is significant, and we believe that the Plan (and Council) should be proactive in the conservation and enhancement of the historic environment. National Planning Practice Guidance states "Such a [positive] strategy should recognise that conservation is not a passive exercise".
We therefore consider that the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment is not a passive exercise but requires a plan for the maintenance and use of heritage assets and for the delivery of development including within their setting that will afford appropriate protection for the asset(s) and make a positive contribution to local character and distinctiveness. We therefore look to local plans to contain commitments to positive measures for the historic environment. We therefore welcome the commitments within Policy S22 to positive actions, including heritage at risk, which paragraph 185 requires to be part of that positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment. However, we do feel that the supporting text could helpfully explain a little more about the Council's approach to heritage at risk, perhaps borrowing some text from the Chichester Historic Environment Strategy and Action Plan.
We also consider that the positive strategy should comprise recognition throughout the Plan of the importance of the historic environment, of the historic environment's role in delivering the Plan's vision and the wider economic, social and environmental objectives for the Plan area, and of the potential impacts of the Plan's policies and proposals on the historic environment.
We are pleased to have identified a number of references throughout the Plan to the historic environment and we therefore consider that the Plan sets out an adequate positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of that historic environment as required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework and that the Plan is therefore compliant with that paragraph.

Add a new paragraph explaining what "heritage at risk" is and the Council's approach to assets at risk e.g.

"Unfortunately, heritage assets can be at risk from neglect, decay or other threats. Designated assets at risk, with the exception of Grade II secular buildings and Grade II places of worship used less than six times a year, are identified on the Historic England Heritage at Risk Register. Within the district outside the South Downs National Park, six assets are on the Register (February 2018): three scheduled monuments, two listed buildings and one conservation area. The Council will actively seek to address threats to heritage assets by recording and monitoring Heritage at Risk in Chichester District, publishing it on our website and working with the owners of heritage assets at risk to find solutions and secure repairs to bring them back into active use, including where appropriate viable new uses and/or proposals for enabling development so they are preserved for future generations."

Historic England suggests that paragraph 5.37 could also refer to the range of heritage assets to be found in the countryside of the Plan area.
Reword paragraph 5.37 as;

"It is valued for many reasons, including agriculture and community food production, its landscape qualities including the special characteristics of Chichester Harbour and Pagham Harbour, the setting it provides for Chichester City and other towns and villages, its range of heritage assets, including historic landscapes, and the opportunities it provides for recreation and biodiversity".
Historic England welcomes and supports clause d of Policy S32; "integrate with the surrounding built, historic and natural environments" as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework.
As noted in paragraph 6.12, the Chichester Entrenchments Scheduled Monument lies partly within and partly immediately to the north of the site. Paragraph 194 of the National Planning Policy Framework identifies Scheduled Monuments as being assets "of the highest significance", substantial harm to or loss of which should be wholly exceptional.

We have previously commented (as English Heritage) on the allocation of this site during the consultation on the Key Policies. We explained that development close to the earthworks might harm the historical value of the heritage asset by interrupting views between its parts and introducing incongruous land-use in its immediate surroundings. This in turn would make it difficult to appreciate the asset's open rural setting, its extensive linear nature and its purpose of enclosing large areas of open land.

Accordingly, we initially objected to the form of the allocation in the Key Policies, but subsequently withdrew that objection following amendments to the boundary of the Strategic Development Location on its northern side so that the boundary ran along the south edge of the belt of woodland in which the scheduled monument sits, thereby entirely excluding the monument from the SDL, and the allocation of the northern area of the amended site as open space.
We are therefore pleased to see that the Strategic Site Allocation still excludes the scheduled monument. We also welcome and support the following requirements of Policy AL1, which we consider provide, in principle, adequate protection for the Scheduled Monument in accordance with the National Planning Policy Framework:
6. Landscaped to protect priority views of Chichester Cathedral spire;
7. Keep land north of the B2178 in open use, free from built development, to protect the natural history interest of both Brandy Hole Copse, and the setting of the Chichester Entrenchments Scheduled Monument;
8. Conserve, enhance and better reveal the significance of the Chichester Entrenchments Scheduled Monument and other non-designated heritage assets and their settings and to record and advance understanding of the significance of any heritage assets to be harmed or lost;
However, this comment is without prejudice to any comments we may wish to make on any planning application that may be submitted for the development of this site.
Historic England makes no comment on the principle of the Shopwyke Strategic Site Allocation, which we note is an existing allocation.
However, the Grade II listed barn at Greenway Farm is located to the south-west of the site and the Grade II listed Shopwyke Grange and the Grade II* listed Shopwyke Hall are located to the south-east. Paragraph 194 of the National Planning Policy Framework states "Any harm to, or loss of, the significance of a designated heritage asset (from its alteration or destruction, or from development within its setting), should require clear and convincing justification". The paragraph identifies Grade II* buildings as assets of the "highest significance".

Historic England therefore welcomes and supports, in principle, the following requirement of Policy AL2, which we consider provide, in principle, adequate protection for the listed barn and Shopwyke Hall in accordance with the National Planning Policy Framework:
7. Protect existing views of Chichester Cathedral spire and conserve and enhance the historic significance of the listed barn at Greenway Farm and the cluster of buildings associated with the grade II* listed Shopwhyke Hall, which should be analysed at an early stage of the masterplan.
However, we consider that reference should also be made to the Grade II listed Shopwyke Grange. This comment is without prejudice to any comments we may wish to make on any planning application that may be submitted for the development of this site.
Reword criterion 7;"Protect existing views of Chichester Cathedral spire and conserve and enhance the historic significance of the listed barn at Greenway Farm, the listed Shopwyke Grange and the cluster of buildings associated with the grade II* listed Shopwhyke Hall which should be analysed at an early stage of the masterplan".
According to our records there are no designated heritage assets on this site, although the Grade II listed Shopwyke Grange and Grade II* listed Shopwyke Hall lie to the north-east of the allocated area, Paragraph 194 of the National Planning Policy Framework states "Any harm to, or loss of, the significance of a designated heritage asset (from its alteration or destruction, or from development within its setting), should require clear and convincing justification". The paragraph identifies Grade II* buildings as assets of the "highest significance".

We note that criterion 7 of Policy AL2 requires the development of the Shopwyke Strategic Site Allocation to ".......conserve and enhance the historic significance of the......cluster of buildings associated with the grade II* listed Shopwhyke Hall, which should be analysed at an early stage of the masterplan. We have suggested in our comments on this policy that it include reference to the listed Shopwyke Grange, and we consider that this requirement should also be included in Policy AL3 to provide, in principle, adequate protection for the listed barn and Shopwyke Hall in accordance with the National Planning Policy Framework.

Historic England welcomes and supports criterion 8 of Policy AL2; "Existing views of Chichester Cathedral spire are to be protected". However, this comment is without prejudice to any comments we may wish to make on any planning application that may be submitted for the development of this site.
Reword criterion 8 as;
"Protect existing views of Chichester Cathedral spire and conserve and enhance the historic significance of the listed Shopwyke Grange and the cluster of buildings associated with the grade II* listed Shopwhyke Hall which should be analysed at an early stage of the masterplan".
Historic England makes no comment on the principle of the two sites at Land at Westhampnett/North East Chichester Strategic Site Allocation, which we note were part of a broad strategic development location in the adopted Local Plan.
However, the site abuts the Graylingwell Hospital Conservation Area, the buildings of the former 'pauper lunatic asylum' (including the Grade II listed chapel), the Grade II listed Summersdale Farmhouse and a Grade II registered park and garden. Paragraph 194 of the National Planning Policy Framework states "Any harm to, or loss of, the significance of a designated heritage asset (from its alteration or destruction, or from development within its setting), should require clear and convincing justification".
Historic England therefore welcomes and supports, in principle, the following requirement of Policy AL4, which we consider provide, in principle, adequate protection for these designated assets in accordance with the National Planning Policy Framework:
9. Development should be designed with special regard to the Graylingwell Hospital
Conservation Area, the buildings of the former 'pauper lunatic asylum' and the Grade II registered park and garden in which they sit, and to other listed buildings in the vicinity of the site and their settings. Important views of Chichester Cathedral spire from the area should be protected;
This comment is without prejudice to any comments we may wish to make on any planning application that may be submitted for the development of this site.
Historic England makes no comment on the principle of the Southern Gateway Strategic Site Allocation.
However, the site includes a row of Grade II listed buildings on Southgate and a number of non-designated heritage assets (the southern gateway of the city had Roman roads converging upon it and this is likely to result in enhanced archaeological potential in this part of the city. The development of suburbs in the medieval and later periods is a further factor with both the canal and railway as examples of later uses of the area. There are a number of buildings of interest, including the former Law Courts and Bus Garage). Part of the site lies within the Chichester Conservation Area and there are listed buildings adjacent to the site.
Paragraph 184 of the National Planning Policy Framework states heritage assets "are an irreplaceable resource, and should be conserved in a manner appropriate to their significance, so that they can be enjoyed for their contribution to the quality of life of existing and future generations". Paragraph 194 of the Framework states "Any harm to, or loss of, the significance of a designated heritage asset (from its alteration or destruction, or from development within its setting), should require clear and convincing justification".

Historic England therefore welcomes and supports, in principle, the following requirements of Policy AL5;

3. Respect for the historic context and make a positive contribution towards protecting and enhancing the local character and special heritage of the area and important historic views, especially those from the Canal Basin towards Chichester Cathedral;
9. Include an archaeological assessment to define the extent and significance of any
archaeological remains and reflect these in the proposals, as appropriate;
However, we consider that these requirements should be strengthened to ensure that they provide adequate protection for these assets in accordance with the National Planning Policy Framework. In addition, we consider that Policy AL5 should promote more strongly the opportunity to use the heritage of the area to help define its character and the desirability of new development making a positive contribution to local character and distinctiveness as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework.
These comments are without prejudice to any comments we may wish to make on any planning application that may be submitted for the development of this site.
Reword clause 2 as follows;
Proposals should include a high quality distinctive design response appropriate to this gateway location and based on the character and heritage of the area, which establishes a clear hierarchy of streets and spaces, active frontages of buildings which front streets and spaces with clearly defined building lines;
Reword clause 3 as follows;
3. Respect for the historic context and make a positive contribution towards protecting and enhancing the local character and special heritage of the area, including the Conservation Area, listed buildings (both on and adjacent to the site), non-designated buildings of historic interest and important historic views, especially those from the Canal Basin towards Chichester Cathedral;
Reword clause 9 as follows;
9. Include an archaeological assessment to define the extent and significance of any
archaeological remains and reflect these in the proposals;
According to our records, the site Land South-West of Chichester (Apuldram and Donnington Parishes) contains no designated heritage assets. We therefore have no comment on the principle of the allocation, although we would expect its potential for non-designated archaeology to have been assessed, with reference to the Council's Historic Environment Record, in accordance with paragraph 187 of the National Planning Policy Framework which states;
Local planning authorities should maintain or have access to a historic environment record. This should contain up-to-date evidence about the historic environment in their area and be used to:
a) assess the significance of heritage assets and the contribution they make to their environment; and
b) predict the likelihood that currently unidentified heritage assets, particularly sites of historic and archaeological interest, will be discovered in the future.
Historic England welcomes and supports clause 3:
3. Protect existing views of Chichester Cathedral spire and the setting of the Chichester Harbour Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty which should be analysed at an early stage of the masterplan;
This comment is without prejudice to any comments we may wish to make on any planning application that may be submitted for the development of this site.
According to our records, the site at Highgrove Farm, Bosham, contains no designated heritage assets. We therefore have no comment on the principle of the allocation, although we would expect its potential for non-designated archaeology to have been assessed, with reference to the Council's Historic Environment Record, in accordance with paragraph 187 of the National Planning Policy Framework which states;
Local planning authorities should maintain or have access to a historic environment record. This should contain up-to-date evidence about the historic environment in their area and be used to:
a) assess the significance of heritage assets and the contribution they make to their environment; and
b) predict the likelihood that currently unidentified heritage assets, particularly sites of historic and archaeological interest, will be discovered in the future.
This comment is without prejudice to any comments we may wish to make on any planning application that may be submitted for the development of this site.

Historic England has no comments on the principle of land being allocated in the revised Fishbourne Neighbourhood Plan for a minimum of 250 dwellings.
However, we note that one of the specific issues that need to be taken into account in planning for development at Fishbourne identified in paragraph 6.65 of the Plan is "Protecting the heritage assets of Fishbourne and their setting".
We welcome the recognition and identification of this issue, but we consider that it should be included as a specific requirement in Policy AL9, to ensure that the allocation of the site or sites in the Neighbourhood Plan conforms with the National Planning Policy Framework, particularly paragraphs 184 and 194.
Add the following clause to Policy AL9;
"Demonstration that the development would not have an adverse impact on the significance of heritage assets, including listed buildings and the Fishbourne Roman site Scheduled Monument, or the character or appearance of the Fishbourne Conservation Area".
Historic England has no comments on the principle of land being allocated in the revised Chidham and Hambrook Neighbourhood Plan for a minimum of 500 dwellings.
However, we consider that Policy AL10 should include a specific requirement to ensure that the allocation of the site or sites in the Neighbourhood Plan conforms with the National Planning Policy Framework, particularly paragraphs 184 and 194.
Add the following clause to Policy AL10;
"Demonstration that the development would not have an adverse impact on the significance of heritage assets.
Historic England has no comments on the principle of land being allocated in the revised Hunston Neighbourhood Plan for a minimum of 250 dwellings.
However, we note that one of the specific issues that need to be taken into account in planning for development at Hunston identified in paragraph 6.77 of the Plan is "Respecting the setting of listed buildings and the Hunston conservation area".
We welcome the recognition and identification of this issue, but we consider that it should be included as a specific requirement in Policy AL11, to ensure that the allocation of the site or sites in the Neighbourhood Plan conforms with the National Planning Policy Framework, particularly paragraphs 184 and 194.
Add the following clause to Policy AL11;
"Demonstration that the development would not have an adverse impact on the significance of heritage assets, including listed buildings, or on the character or appearance of the Hunston Conservation Area."
According to our records, the site Land north of Park Farm, Selsey, contains no designated heritage assets. We therefore have no comment on the principle of the allocation, although we would expect its potential for non-designated archaeology to have been assessed, with reference to the Council's Historic Environment Record, in accordance with paragraph 187 of the National Planning Policy Framework which states;
Local planning authorities should maintain or have access to a historic environment record. This should contain up-to-date evidence about the historic environment in their area and be used to:
a) assess the significance of heritage assets and the contribution they make to their environment; and
b) predict the likelihood that currently unidentified heritage assets, particularly sites of historic and archaeological interest, will be discovered in the future.

This comment is without prejudice to any comments we may wish to make on any planning application that may be submitted for the development of this site.
Historic England has no comments on the principle of land being allocated in the revised Southbourne Neighbourhood Plan for a minimum of 1,250 dwellings.
However, we consider that a specific requirement should be included in Policy AL13 to ensure that the allocation of the site or sites in the Neighbourhood Plan conforms with the National Planning Policy Framework, particularly paragraphs 184 and 194.
Add the following clause to Policy AL13;
"Demonstration that the development would not have an adverse impact on the significance of heritage assets, including listed buildings, or on the character or appearance of the Prinsted Conservation Area."
Historic England has no comments on the principle of the allocation Land West of Tangmere.

However, the site is close to the Tangmere Conservation Area and a number of listed buildings, including the Grade I listed Church of St Andrew. Paragraph 194 of the National Planning Policy Framework states "Any harm to, or loss of, the significance of a designated heritage asset (from its alteration or destruction, or from development within its setting), should require clear and convincing justification". The paragraph identifies Grade I buildings as assets of the "highest significance".

Historic England therefore welcomes, in principle, clauses 5 and 8 of Policy AL14

5. Protect existing views of Chichester Cathedral spire and reduce any impact on views from within the National Park;
8. Conserve and enhance the heritage and potential archaeological interest of the village, surrounding areas and World War II airfield, including the expansion or relocation of the Tangmere Military Aviation Museum.
However, we consider that clause 8 should be strengthened to ensure that it provides adequate protection for these assets in accordance with the National Planning Policy Framework. In addition, we note that paragraph 6.95 of the Plan identifies, as one of the specific issues need to be taken into account in planning the development and site layout at Tangmere, "Conserving and enhancing the setting of the historic village (particularly the Conservation Area"). We consider that this should be included within Policy AL14.
This comment is without prejudice to any comments we may wish to make on any planning application that may be submitted for the development of this site.
Reword criterion 8 as follows:

8. Conserve and enhance the heritage and potential archaeological interest of the village, surrounding areas and World War II airfield, particularly the Conservation Area and the Grade I listed Church of St Andrew and including the expansion or relocation of the Tangmere Military Aviation Museum.
Add a new criterion as follows:
""Conserve and enhancie the setting of the historic village, particularly of the Conservation Area".
Historic England welcomes and supports clause b of Policy DM3 as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework.
Historic England welcomes and supports clauses 1 c and 2 e of Policy DM5 as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework.
Historic England welcomes, in principle, clause 2 of Policy DM13 but considers that the policy should be, in the first instance, to avoid adverse impact on the historic environment as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework. We consider that the wording used in Policies DM3 and DM5 would be appropriate.
Reword clause 2 of Policy DM13 as:
"Is located so as not compromise the essential features of nationally designated areas of landscape, historic environment or nature conservation protection".
Historic England welcomes and supports clause 1 of Policy DM17 as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework.
Historic England welcomes and supports clause b of Policy DM20 as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework.
Historic England welcomes and supports paragraph 7.129 as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework.
Many farm buildings that are now redundant for modern farming needs are likely to be of historic interest - it is acknowledged that farm buildings are generally under-represented on the National Heritage List for England. Historic England considers that Policy DM21 should include stronger protection for such buildings as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework.
Add a new criterion to Policy DM21 as follows:

"Features of architectural or historic significance are retained and, where the building forms part of a historically significant complex of buildings, consideration is given to the future use(s) of those buildings and the impact of the proposal on the integrity and character of the complex".
Historic England welcomes and supports, in principle, paragraphs 7.154 - 7.161.
However, we consider that paragraph 7.154 should be reworded to clarify the distinction between designated and non-designated heritage assets (the latter including buildings on the Local Buildings List for Chichester).
Reword paragraph 7.154 as follows:
"There are a large number of "Heritage Assets" (as defined in the National Planning Policy Framework), both designated and non-designated, in the plan area. Designated assets are Listed Buildings, Scheduled Monuments, Conservation Areas and Registered Historic Parks and Gardens. Non-designated assets include archaeological sites (although the remains may be of national significance equivalent to scheduled monuments, and which should be considered subject to the policies for scheduled monuments) and non-listed buildings which have been identified as locally important, such as those on the Local Buildings List for Chichester City and 'positive' buildings within Conservation Areas."
Historic England welcomes and supports in principle, Policy DM27 both as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment as required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework and also as a non-strategic policy for the conservation and enhancement of the historic environment as suggested by paragraph 28 of the Framework.
However, we consider that clause e. should specify the (wholly) exceptional circumstances in which permission for a proposed development that would lead to substantial harm to (or total loss of significance of) a designated heritage asset would be granted i.e. where it can be demonstrated that the substantial harm or total loss is necessary to achieve substantial public benefits that outweigh that harm or loss, or all of the circumstances in paragraph 195 of the National Planning Policy Framework apply.

We would also welcome the policy being more detailed in terms of the considerations to be taken into account when assessing development proposals affecting the different types of heritage asset, as do, for example, Policies EH10, EH11, EH14 and EH15 of the West Oxfordshire Local Plan 2031. These policies were developed with Historic England and the Inspector that examined the Local Plan 2031 shared our concern that the historic environment policy in the Local Plan 2031 provided inadequate locally specific detailed policy guidance and considered the more detailed policies necessary for the Plan to be sound.

(However, we do acknowledge that the Inspector that examined the Key Policies development plan document considered the modified historic environment policy (Policy 47) put forward by the Council with our support was sufficient for the Plan to be sound, and that Policy DM27 in the Local Plan Review very largely repeats Policy 47).

Reword clause e. of Policy DM27 as follows;
"Development involving substantial harm to or loss of designated heritage assets will
only be granted in exceptional circumstances (wholly exceptional circumstances for
designated assets of the highest significance) i.e. where it can be demonstrated that the substantial harm or total loss is necessary to achieve substantial public benefits that outweigh that harm or loss, or all of the circumstances in paragraph 195 of the National Planning Policy Framework apply.

More details of the considerations to be taken into account when assessing development proposals affecting the different types of heritage asset. We would be pleased to work with the Council on a revised policy or policies.

Paragraph 7.195 of the Plan notes that the remnants of canals "are important early 19th Century historic features in the landscape of the coastal plain and warrant protection".
Historic England agrees with this statement, but Policy DM33 makes no mention of protecting the historic significance of the remaining canal sections.
Reword the first paragraph of Policy DM33 as follows;
"Development that makes provision of through navigation or enhancement of the Chichester Ship Canal and the Wey and Arun Canal will be supported where it meets environmental, ecological, historical and transport considerations."
Historic England welcomes and supports clause 3 of Policy DM34 as part of the positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment required by paragraph 185 of the National Planning Policy Framework.

Support

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 2346

Received: 05/02/2019

Respondent: West Sussex Local Access Forum (WSLAF)

Representation:

Para 3.2 Bullets 5, 9, 10 - objectives are supported

Full text:

Para 3.2 bullet points 5, 9 & 10 - these objectives are supported
The Local Plan Strategic Objectives
Para 3.19 Health & Well-Being bullet point 1 - this objective is supported
Policy S18 Integrated Coastal Zone Management for the Manhood Peninsula : Objective 5 - while the objective is supported it should apply to all Non-Motorised User (NMU) activity. This could best be achieved by ensuring at least one multi-user route is provided around and through developments linked to the existing Public Right of Way (PRoW) and wider access networks.
Design : Policy 20 bullet point 5 - the objective is supported but should recognise that this includes multi-use PRoW for the use and benefit of all.
Planning for Health and Well-being Para 5.9 - this objective is supported but should encourage all NMU activity not limited to walking and cycling.
Transport Infrastructure
Para 5.15 - the inclusion of bridleways is welcomed but there should be specific inclusion of PRoW
Para 5.16 - the wording is misleading as the provision of bridleways on the Coastal Plain is very limited, restricting access for cyclists and equestrians. Upgrading suitable PRoW to bridleways would improve access for all NMUs and contribute to the West Sussex Transport Plan (2011-2016) to improve safety for all road users.
Policy S23 : Transport and Accessibility bullet point 8 - inclusion of PRoW is welcomed
Policy S32: Design Strategies for Strategic and Major Development Sites
Bullet points b, e & g - the aims of these are welcomed but any new routes are linked from new developments to the wider PRoW and access networks
Policy AL1 : Land West of Chichester
Para 4 - this development provides an opportunity to improve access links to the wider access network
Para 10 - there is an opportunity here to provide a multi-user PRoW for all NMUs
Policy AL2: Land at Shopwyke (Oving Parish)
Para 9 - any bridge should be for all NMUs, including equestrians, to reinstate the route severed when the A27 was re-aligned.
Policies AL3 - AL14 - opportunities for the provision of green infrastructure links to the wider countryside within these Policies are welcomed. It is particularly relevant to the Coastal Plain where the current provision of multi-user routes is very limited. Improvements in this area would comply with the objectives of the West Sussex Rights of Way Management Pan 2018-2028.

DM15 Horticultural Development - there is an opportunity within the Runcton area to enhance and upgrade routes for NMUs should the land be used for housing at a later date.
Policy DM23 Green Infrastructure
Para 7.185 - the examples should specifically include PRoW.
Bullet point 4 - more positive wording to recognise the improvement proposals could make to the access networks is preferred.
Policy DM34 Open Space, Sport and Recreation.... - the aim to retain, enhance, enhance access and increase the quantity and quality of PROW and the links to them is supported. This would be of great benefit to all NMUs is all new routes/links are multi-user.

Object

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 2458

Received: 04/02/2019

Respondent: Southbourne Parish Council

Representation:

Para 3.8 - Southbourne's transport links downgraded with loss of north-south buses.

Full text:

S3, S4, AL13
Strategic policy should be included that consider the area west of Chichester as a whole rather than as a series of unrelated settlements along the A259 transport route, which is implied by it being referred to as the "east-west corridor". A number of common issues would benefit from collective and co-ordinated attention eg waste water treatment, traffic congestion/management, landscape protection, wildlife corridors and the need to prevent coalescence (para 6.87). The area is expected to provide for a minimum 2250 new dwellings, in addition to the allocations in the current Local Plan (475), and is under great pressure due to its being squeezed between Chichester Harbour and the National Park, both being areas having the benefit of particular protection. This pressure is exacerbated by the National Park not accommodating its fair share of new development and by substantial development in neighbouring Emsworth, Hampshire, that adds to the pressures on the Chichester Harbour AONB and West Sussex infrastructure including road traffic and the capacity of Thornham Wastewater Treatment Works.
Supplementary Planning Guidance is required to address the issues specific to this area, provide clarity of guidance for developers and enable co-ordinated solutions.
S6
Affordable housing should relate more closely to local income levels. Local residents have made the point many times, during the preparation of the current Neighbourhood Plan and more recently in connection with the Neighbourhood Plan review, that local people cannot afford local housing, either to buy or rent. The Parish Council intends to commission a Local Housing Needs Survey which could help identify the quantity and type of need in the Parish.
(add to end of para 4.34) This means housing is unaffordable to many people in the Plan area and why income levels will be taken into account in establishing house prices and rent controls. 80% of the local market rent is the maximum, but lower rents are likely to be justified in some instances.
Developers must deliver their "affordable" requirement if sufficient housing to meet local needs is to be provided. This should not be a problem if proper account is taken of the cost of land acquisitions and development at a sufficiently early stage. Subsections 1 and 5 in Policy S6 allow too much flexibility, especially the use of the word "appropriate" in subsection 1 which is too subjective.
Delete or amend subsections 1 and 5, as appropriate.

DM2
The Parish Council fully supports Policy DM(2). It considers that there is likely to be a need in the Parish for more rented accommodation, especially social rented, than is proposed in Policy DM2. It is understood that this is one of the most expensive areas for housing in the country and young people, in particular, struggle to find accommodation they can afford close to their families. A Local Needs Housing Survey of the Parish is likely to be undertaken in preparing the review of the Neighbourhood Plan to help identify the extent of local need and investigate ways to meet it. Accordingly, an alternative housing mix may be prepared for Southbourne Parish (para 7.19)
Local consultation has revealed a shortage of specialist housing, especially for the elderly and the disabled. It is considered that creative policies promoting adaptable "lifetime" dwellings are required to enable the elderly to remain in the community for longer. The Local Housing Needs Survey of the Parish is expected to confirm this.
The market housing 4+ bedroom % needs to be reduced in favour of more single person accommodation. The Parish Local Housing Needs Survey is expected to confirm this
S20, DM1, DM2
Local consultation has revealed a shortage of specialist housing, especially for the elderly and the disabled. It is considered that creative policies promoting adaptable "lifetime" dwellings are required to enable the elderly to remain in the community for longer. The Local Housing Needs Survey of the Parish is expected to confirm this.
Add "the disabled" into the policy.

AL13

It seems likely that most of the 1250 dwellings proposed (and this is a minimum figure) will be in Southbourne village. Some sections of the local community are very concerned about the change that an over 50% increase in households, over and above the current new development of 300 dwellings, will bring. Some consider that it provides an opportunity to bring some creative thinking to the future format of the village. Whatever increase in development may come, it appears that most residents do share the view that the 30% "affordable housing" proposed in the Local Plan should be truly affordable for those people in the Parish who are in housing need, and the Parish Council has made comments on the relevant policies in this Plan accordingly.
However, at present, it is clear that Southbourne is not in a position to successfully accommodate 1250+ further dwellings due to inadequate infrastructure. While it is recognised that Southbourne village may qualify as a "hub" due to existing services, it must be recognised that a number of these are currently inadequate and substantial improvement is required before development on this scale is delivered. It is understood that new development cannot be required to pay for current deficits, but it is unacceptable to add to these problems without some "up-front" provision to cater for increased needs. Three examples serve to make the point:-
(1) Crossings over the railway, both road and pedestrian, are required before any delivery of 1250 new dwellings. Even if this development is phased, it could be assumed that there will be a completion rate of some 80 dwellings a year (1250÷15). The additional pressure on the Stein Road level crossing arising from a combination of construction traffic and new residents will create unacceptable congestion, pollution and waiting times at the barriers. Inlands Road and Cooks Lane are not suitable for lorry routing. AL13(4) "Opportunities as they arise to improve the situation relating to the various existing or planned railway crossings" is much too weak to secure timely delivery. While this may be addressed in the review Neighbourhood Plan Masterplan, support at District level is required with appropriate priority in the CDC Infrastructure Delivery Plan (IDP) (Policy subsection 14).
In addition, no attention has been given to traffic management, either on the A259 or within the village, in the Preferred Approach. Strategic sites of a broadly similar scale around Chichester have integral transport proposals, but they are lacking in Southbourne. One key issue is that all along the A259 from Emsworth to the Apuldram junction it is becoming increasingly difficult for traffic entering onto the A259 (whether heading east or west) due to the high volume and at times seemingly continuous flow of traffic in either direction: this is a cause of driver frustration and potential cause of road accidents.
(2) The Parish Council has raised the issue of Wastewater treatment many times, and there have been difficulties arising from the current development sites. Reassurance is required that AL13 subsection 16 will be adhered to (16 - Ensure sufficient capacity within the relevant Wastewater Treatment Works before the delivery of development as required).
Stormwater discharges to Chichester Harbour appear to be on the increase and this is not satisfactory. The issue needs to be addressed and resolved by the Wastewater Water Quality Group (para 5.71).
(3) The Parish requires a significant increase in Public Open Space. The proposed Green Ring has received considerable public support and a Trust has been established by the Parish Council to deliver it. Some sections of the Green Ring will not be able to rely on developer delivery and while the project is included in the IDP it is accorded almost no priority (Policy subsection 14). This needs to be remedied.
Specific commitment in the Preferred Approach to the delivery of crossings over the railway, assured delivery of timely and appropriate Wastewater Treatment and specific commitment to the delivery of the Green Ring.
6.88 - To sustain and enhance Southbourne's role as a hub it is VITAL that development is properly phased AND that necessary infrastructure provision is made prior to new occupations.
Policy AL13 item 12: the protection of the SPA, SAC and Ramsar site at Chichester harbour necessitates the reinstatement of the Ham Brook wildlife corridor as part of giving the harbour and wildlife that uses it 'breathing space' and a ladder to the SDNP and as part of the strategy to relieve the pressure imposed upon the harbour by walkers and dogs.
7. Expansion and provision of community infrastructure potentially to include early years' childcare provision, community hall/centre and expansion of doctors' surgery plus flexible space for employment/small-scale leisure use;
As the open space and pitch reports put the improvement of the Bourne college facilities and the recreation ground improvements as a high priority project, this should be mentioned in this point
7. Expansion and provision of community infrastructure potentially to include early years' childcare provision, community hall/centre and expansion of doctors' surgery plus flexible space for employment/small-scale leisure use;

As the open space and pitch reports put the improvement of the Bourne college facilities and the recreation ground improvements as a high priority project, this should be mentioned in this point

DM3

The Preferred Approach advocates a flexible approach to housing density. While an average of 35 dwellings per hectare is recognised as a reasonable guideline, the Parish Council considers that some areas of a higher density would be appropriate, especially where single person accommodation could include small privet patios, terraces or balconies (for flats) in recognition that not all householders want a large private garden, provided that appropriate public open space is delivered as an alternative. Higher densities, as appropriate, also reduce land take.
S23
Southbourne Parish Council responses on the Jacobs Chichester Area Transport Model Report (March 2013), Chichester District Council Chichester Local Plan - Key Policies 2014-2029 and Chichester Local Plan Issues and Options Consultation has consistently drawn attention to the restricted scope of the transport studies undertaken to establish the impact of proposed development allocations within the Plan area. Studies have been concentrated on establishing the effects in the immediate vicinity of Chichester, particularly on the junctions of the A27. Traffic movements generated within/or destined for Southbourne Parish are assigned to a single Traffic Zone (TZ73). These movements are aggregated with other movements in the other TZs of the Western Corridor in order to assess the impacts at the cordon boundaries of the County boundary with Havant/Hampshire but most significantly the point of contact with the A27. Mitigation requirements have been assessed solely in respect of reducing increased congestion at A27 junctions. In respect of Southbourne generated movements these relate to the Fishbourne Roundabout.
CDC, in association with WSCC Highways, has failed consistently to examine local network impacts other than those projected to arise on the 19 junctions in the immediate vicinity of Chichester and the A27. This remains the situation with the update by Peter Brett associates of the Jacobs Study. However, in respect of the Bourne Villages this approach fails to take into account the impacts likely to arise within the local road network of the respective traffic zones. In particular, this lack of examination fails to take account of the potential impact arising from the scale of proposed housing allocations in this corridor. The adopted Chichester Local Plan Key Policies 2014 - 2029 document allocated a total of 620 additional houses comprising: Westbourne 45, Southbourne/Nutbourne 350, Chidham & Hambrook 35, Bosham 70 and Fishbourne 70. The Review Document proposes additional housing allocations (minimum) at Southbourne 1250 houses, Chidham & Hambrook 500, Fishbourne 250, Broadbridge/Bosham 250 - a total of 2,250 additional houses, an increase of + 246% over previous allocations and with these villages taking a 46% share of proposed total additional allocations in the Local Plan Review area.
CDC together with WSCC Highways should undertake to provide specialist advice to those Parish Councils chosen to implement proposed strategic housing allocations through Neighbourhood Plans in order to assess the impacts of the scale of such allocations on the local highway network. Such advice should be provided in order to aid site selection prior to any master planning of the subsequent development proposal and to help find solutions to traffic problems arising.
The above comments/representations also relate to the following Plan references:
Strategic Development/Design Strategies, pages 92-93, paras 6.1-6.6. Policy S32
Strategic Site Allocations - Southbourne, pages 127-129, paras 6.68-6.90; Policy AL13
Transport & Accessibility, pages 148-149, paras 7.4-7.52; Policy DM8.
Spatial Vision and Strategic Objectives
Objection
3.4 Given the huge amount of development proposed for the settlements to the west of Chichester we object to the emphasis placed on Chichester in the special strategy at the expense of the settlements on the receiving end.
There needs to be a fresh look at the cumulative impact on the settlements along the A259. We are not primarily an East-West corridor; we have our own distinct identities and histories. While the term 'East-West corridor' describes the road and rail links to the west of Chichester it is not a sufficient description of the Bourne villages.

3.7 Maintaining and enhancing the relationship between the SDNP and the Harbour AONB requires the reinstatement of the proposed Wildlife Corridor at Ham Brook. Without this corridor, this aspiration has no teeth.
3.8 Southbourne's "good transport links" have recently been downgraded with loss of all north-south buses which will be needed to connect any new housing growth north of the railway line to both the station and the A259. The station itself needs nearby parking and/or drop-off points, electric car chargers and secure cycle storage.
We suggest that the Bourne villages area be considered a 'green / blue ladder' between the AONB and the National Park rather than an East-West transit corridor. Varied countryside views from the Bourne villages towards the SDNP and AONB should be protected, as should views from the A259 and railway of the local countryside and countryside gaps. This will require properly contoured development and good screening.
Sustainable Development Principles
Objection
A reliance upon national 'sustainable development' principles is insufficient as these national policies are inadequate for delivering genuinely sustainable development.
There needs to be an emphasis on economic, social and environmental sustainability. The built environment and history, so frequently lumped in with environmental sustainability, should be considered as part of economic and social sustainability where this conflicts with natural environmental sustainability.
The construction industry is a significant contributor of carbon emissions and while we recognise that there is limited scope to make requirements beyond those mandated by national legislation the Local Plan should nevertheless indicate the direction of travel. It should set out what the community will increasingly come to expect from the industry in the years ahead, including the increasing weight that may in future be given to developments and developers which are making serious attempts to become carbon neutral.
The objective of the Local Plan should be to aim higher. While recognising that not everything is possible, we suggest referring to the principles set out in the Wildlife Trust's 'Homes for People and Wildlife' policy guidance: https://www.wildlifetrusts.org/sites/default/files/2018-05/homes_for_people_and_wildlife_lr_-_spreads.pdf and the World Health Organisation's 'Urban Green Spaces - A Brief For Action': http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/environment-and-health/urban-health/publications/2017/urban-green-spaces-a-brief-for-action-2017 .
See comments in section above.
S17
Object
We welcome the presence of the military base and recognise that the needs of the military will determine policy while the base is maintained, including the need for an upgrade of the housing stock on the base.
However, should Thorney Island cease to be required for military purposes, rather than masterplanning for new development, the island should receive at least equal protection to other areas within the AONB, including the presumption against new development. Any proposed development should follow the principles laid out in the Chichester Harbour Conservancy's Planning Principles policy: www.conservancy.co.uk/page/planning.
In addition, while not seeking anything that would compromise the base's security, the policy should be to expand the Dark Skies sites and, where necessary, to take additional steps to support the existing ones e.g. by upgrading or redirecting street lighting. It should be possible to reduce vertical light pollution without any negative consequences for the existing use of the base. Further information on possible measures that could be considered may be found in the SDNP Technical Note here: https://www.southdowns.gov.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/TLL-10-SDNPD-Dark-Skies-Technical-Advice-Note-2018-2018.pdf
We welcome the presence of the military base and recognise that the needs of the military will determine policy while the base is maintained, including the need for an upgrade of the housing stock on the base.
However, should Thorney Island cease to be required for military purposes, rather than masterplanning for new development, the island should receive at least equal protection to other areas within the AONB, including the presumption against new development. Any proposed development should follow the principles laid out in the Chichester Harbour Conservancy's Planning Principles policy: www.conservancy.co.uk/page/planning.
In addition, while not seeking anything that would compromise the base's security, the policy should be to expand the Dark Skies sites and, where necessary, to take additional steps to support the existing ones e.g. by upgrading or redirecting street lighting.
S24
Support
However, much of the language in this section is weak and aspirational rather than strong and definitive.
5.37 The coastal, alluvial agricultural plain has a particular historic and environmental character which we value greatly. This includes, but is not limited to recognition of its value for agriculture / food production. While we do not expect that this landscape will have the same protection as that inside the SDNP, it forms part of the setting for the National Park and deserves some recognition of the threats facing it from piecemeal (though rapid) development.

The draft Plan in its present form does not give sufficient recognition to the inherent value of the land. It would make sense for this to be rectified as part of a strategy or vision for the whole of the Bournes area, perhaps in a supplementary planning document.
We would like to see the preservation, protection and even reintroduction of bees and their habitats be given real consideration, given their ecological importance. It makes sense to do this as part of a policy covering countryside gaps so as to avoid conflict with humans.
We call for greater support to be offered to the establishing of community orchards and nut plantations. Doing so would also contribute to improving the balance between people and nature, enhancing social sustainability goals and promoting wellbeing.
5.40 We strongly support the "encouragement of proposals that enhance the woodlands and recreational links to and within this area."
5.41 There needs to be greater engagement with the SDNP and greater recognition from the SDNP that it is at risk of becoming an island, which will have serious negative impacts upon the park. We need the National Park to be more flexible in accepting a greater amount of housing within the park in order to relieve some of the pressure on the park's surroundings. While development is concentrated around the Park, we need to know that the Park will not object to the provision of infrastructure that such development needs to be sustainable, provided that it is planned sensitively.
5.42 We strongly support the maintenance of individual settlement identities. Southbourne would like to have a significant input into the formation of a settlement gap policy (and expects other communities along the A259 to feel the same). We would like a meaningful input at an early stage so that we can help shape a policy that commands wide public support.
S25
Object
This policy is very weak. A policy for protecting and managing the coast simply must address the wholly inadequate waste water infrastructure capacity and the frequent discharging of untreated waste into the Harbour.
It must also include a robust strategy for mitigating pressure on the harbour and coastal habitats from walkers and dog walkers by providing for alternative, attractive routes. This should clearly link up with policies promoting wildlife corridors, countryside gaps and green/ blue space.
The Plan should also seek to work with agriculture and horticulture businesses to reduce the impact of chemical and nutrient run-off into the Harbour. We recognise that there are constraints both in terms of national policy and market forces but the Plan should make clear that the direction of travel is towards greater environmental sustainability and reducing the environmental impact from businesses.
S26
Object

This policy is too weak.
5.52 & 5.53 The Plan should seek to work with agriculture and horticulture businesses to reduce the impact of chemical and nutrient run-off into the Harbour. We recognise that there are constraints both in terms of national policy and market forces but the Plan should make clear that the direction of travel is towards greater environmental sustainability and reducing the environmental impact from businesses.
We note that the adopted Local Plan links its Natural Environment strategy to that which protects and promotes biodiversity, but this link seems to have been dropped in the draft proposal. We recognise that there is a section on biodiversity but question the implication of the breaking of this link.
The policy needs to be strengthened.
S27 and S30
Object
It is very disappointing not to see a much stronger role for the use of green / blue space in mitigating flood risk. E.g. reed banks and areas designated for wildlife can form both a natural flood defence and promote other environmental goals of the Plan. Tree planting should also form part of this strategy, as should other measures to strengthen the land's resistance to flood degradation.
The reinstatement of the Ham Brook Wildlife Corridor would provide an opportunity to introduce many of these features in a part of the District prone to the flooding of homes and to storm-related discharges of untreated wastewater into the harbour.
The policy must think beyond what individual sites can do to mitigate the risk of flooding on small areas of land and look at the wider picture and what a more ambitious strategy could achieve.
The reinstatement of the Ham Brook Wildlife Corridor would provide an opportunity to introduce many of these features in a part of the District prone to the flooding of homes and to storm-related discharges of untreated wastewater into the harbour.
The policy must think beyond what individual sites can do to mitigate the risk of flooding on small areas of land and look at the wider picture and what a more ambitious strategy could achieve.
S28
Object
We are astonished that this policy is so thin. There needs to be a strategy which recognises different forms of pollution, including air quality, inland and coastal water and carbon emissions (not least from the construction industry). We need more detail on strategies to address the different forms of pollution and to be looking to a less polluted future, not simply mitigating against the deterioration of the status quo.
S29
Support
However, there needs to be an explicit recognition of the sometimes conflict of interest between green infrastructure primarily intended to be of human / community use and enjoyment and that intended to protect natural habitats and which may require restrictions upon access by the community.
There also needs to be much more thought given to coordinating the creation and protection of multiple green / blue infrastructure sites across the Plan area (or sub-sections of it). Many opportunities will be lost if sites are considered separately rather than as part of something larger. 'Islands' of green space are of much less benefit to humans and wildlife than larger, linked green and blue infrastructure. Again, this supports the reinstatement of the Ham Brook Wildlife corridor.
S30
Support
We are delighted to see a wildlife corridor policy included within the Neighbourhood Plan, as this builds upon the aims pursued in the made Southbourne Neighbourhood Plan and the work of the Southbourne Environment Group. We do however very strongly object to the removal of the previously proposed Hambrook Wildlife Corridor, referred to only obliquely in the Background Paper. It should be reinstated.

Doing so would work towards the policy objectives of S30 and complement its specific proposals.
1) There are a great many "preferable sites available outside the wildlife corridor" so reinstatement would not hinder the District or Parish's ability to meet its housing target.
2) Without prejudging the community consultation, it is conceivable that proposed development sites WITHIN the proposed corridor could be approved provided they do "not have an adverse impact on the integrity and function of the wildlife corridor".

In considering alternatives to the Chidham / East of Nutbourne Wildlife Corridor, paragraph 5.5 of the Background Paper states that "West of Nutbourne there are a number of ecological features but the close proximity of residential areas and proposed development, mean that the [proposed] corridor may be too narrow to act as a suitable functional strategic corridor." This actually prejudges the review of the Southbourne Neighbourhood Plan and we reject this argument. The proposed Ham Brook Wildlife Corridor is or could easily be as wide as others in the policy paper and it is for the community - through the Neighbourhood Plan - to determine where development goes ahead. The community cares very deeply about the local environment and could easily choose to focus development outside of the proposed route of the Ham Brook Wildlife Corridor.

There is no national or local policy reason why there should be no more than one wildlife corridor in a single Parish, especially where there is no conflict with the points above / in policy S30 and where the parish is one of the largest in the District and is home to several distinct communities. On the contrary, reinstating the Ham Brook corridor would strengthen the goals set out in paragraphs 5.64 and 5.65 of the Local Plan, namely, allowing the "movement of species between areas of habitat by linking wildlife sites and reducing the risk of small, isolated populations becoming unsustainable and dying out... They also function as green infrastructure."

This last point is itself emphasised by the Plan's policy AL13 for Southbourne and many objectives would be advanced by reinstating this particular Wildlife Corridor. i.e.:

8. It COULD provide for some public open space for the Parish (not all of which is, will be part of or will be connected to Southbourne VILLAGE's Green Ring).
9. It would enhance the setting of the SDNP and reduce settlement coalescence (without restricting development elsewhere in the Parish).
10. It would expand provision for green infrastructure.
11. As per background paper paragraph 5.5. referenced above, it would reconcile the need to avoid an adverse impact on the nature conservation interest of identified sites and habitats while maintaining a wildlife corridor wide enough to be of ecological value.
12. It would provide mitigation to ensure the protection of the SPA, SAC, Ramsar site at Chichester Harbour.

As per Supporting Document 024, Solent Recreation Mitigation Strategy, paragraph 2.12, there is a requirement for the creation of a Suitable Alternative Natural Greenspace (SANG). Furthermore, Southbourne's made Neighbourhood Plan's Green Ring policy specifically aims to provide alternative routes for dog walkers to relieve pressure on the harbour. As per paragraph 4.12 "these could be created by a developer as part of a very large housing scheme [such as is proposed for Southbourne] or alternatively will be implemented through the Solent Recreation Mitigation Partnership."

The Background Paper does not present any, let alone the full picture of the area's ecological importance. The Ham Brook follows a natural environmental feature from the AONB to the SDNP. This natural water course is home to water voles (seen by CDC Wildlife Officer and local environmental volunteer as recently as January 2019) and the land north of Priors Leaze Lane is a Barn Owl Habitat (as referenced in Chidham and Hambrook Parish's made Neighbourhood Plan). There is ancient woodland either side of the railway line next to the trout farm and this is a dormouse habitat too.

In conclusion, S30 is an excellent policy but it MUST be strengthened by the reinstatement of the Ham Brook Wildlife Corridor. Doing so would not compromise any development objectives of the Local Plan. Indeed, doing so would advance several objectives and policies within it.

S23 and AL6

Object
To the proposed Birdham Road to the A27 Fishbourne Roundabout.
With so much new development - and traffic - proposed for settlements along the A259, our road is going to be the focus of a huge amount of new congestion, with all of the associated negative impacts on air quality and sustainable transport goals. Feeding more traffic into the Fishbourne roundabout will only make it harder for drivers from the A259 to get onto / across the A27.
In addition, the proposed link road goes straight through a flood plain and site of great environmental importance - one which links the coast to the city of Chichester. Furthermore, the proposed link road would have a significant negative impact upon views from the coast to the city and the SDNP and from the city and SDNP to the coast and Manhood Peninsula. It would also negatively affect the setting of the proposed Fishbourne Wildlife Corridor.
We support creation of an integrated and sustainable transport plan for the District, or at the very least for the area west of Chichester. This plan should draw upon the ongoing work of the ChEmRoute group's investigations and proposals for the National Cycle Route 2 (NCN2) and be coordinated with WSCC with the goal of introducing high quality and separated cycle links between the villages along the A259 and Chichester. The route or routes may include a fast but safe link along the A259 aimed primarily at experienced cyclists and commuters as well as a slower, more meandering and leisurely route north of the A259 (and perhaps the railway). To make these cycle routes sustainable they will need connections and feeder routes from new and existing developments.
In developing a more ambitious and safer scheme for cyclists care must also be taken to ensure that pedestrian routes are protected too. The vision must be to ensure that both cycle and pedestrian traffic is encouraged and supported and not brought into competition with each other.

Spatial Strategy, Transport Infrastructure , Page 78 s5.27
In addition, the County Council is expected to continue to support new development through a package of transport improvements which will continue to aim to reduce congestion and encourage people to use sustainable modes of travel such as walking, cycling and public transport.
This supports Southbourne's desire for a pedestrian bridge over the railway line as that will encourage people to walk rather than drive, as well as supporting a road over the railway line as this will also reduce the walking time for many residents wherever the road is placed. It may avoid current routes which involve walking through fields and over unmanned rail crossings. A road would be safer and more useful to pedestrians. The requirement for bridge should be included in policy S23.
DM34
Object due to issues in the supporting evidence.
Chichester Infrastructure Delivery Plan, Southbourne Parish - Local Plan Review Policy SA13 page 90 section 15.4
In the title, play space (children) is given, when the project is actually children and youth combined.
The heading needs to be amended to Play Space (Children and youth)
Chichester Open Space, Sport Facilities, Recreation Study and Playing Pitch Strategy: Open Space Study Sub Area Analysis (Part 2 of 2) Page 13 table 4
This table says there is good provision for childrens play space, when section 2.3 table 3 shows there to be a shortfall throughout the district.
Object due to issues in the supporting evidence.
Chichester Infrastructure Delivery Plan, Southbourne Parish - Local Plan Review Policy SA13 page 90 section 15.4
In the title, play space (children) is given, when the project is actually children and youth combined.
The heading needs to be amended to Play Space (Children and youth)
Chichester Open Space, Sport Facilities, Recreation Study and Playing Pitch Strategy: Open Space Study Sub Area Analysis (Part 2 of 2) Page 13 table 4
This table says there is good provision for childrens play space, when section 2.3 table 3 shows there to be a shortfall throughout the district.
Water Quality Assessment
Housing allocation: The Thornham evaluations have been based on a housing increase in the Thornham catchment area, over the period covered by the report (2020-35), of 1,000-1,500 dwellings. In view of the fact that the Havant-Emsworth plan also has many hundreds of new builds planned in this catchment area, this estimate would seem to be grossly under-estimated ref. Page 25, Table 26. Page 15: "Westbourne" should be added to Table 1.1. Page 60 para. 3.10.2 claims to include Havant but Havant is excluded in other parts of the report e.g. Table 1.1.
Climate change: it is disappointing that any effects of climate change have been specifically excluded (page 28).
Assessment of Headroom: in assessing headroom, AMEC's report states that the Environment Agency guidelines, specify 150 litres/person/day and five people per dwelling. The report has used different figures i.e. 120 litres/person/day and 21/2 people/dwelling. Their justification for this (para. 3.2.12) is that Southern Water prefer these figures. The effect is to reduce the Thornham WwTW's current headroom from 1,063 dwellings down to 400. Any calculations must be formally agreed with the Environment Agency. Page 29 para 3.2.4 suggests that this has yet to be agreed. There is considerably inconsistence in the quotation of dry weather flow (DWF) and Headroom. Page 60 para. 3.10 indicates that consented DWF (hence Headroom) is already in excess of consent (consented DWF 6,565 m3/day, current DWF is 6,580 m3/day). Statement of headroom, without dates, or methodology are meaningless.
Discharges: some assessments are omitted on WwTW, which discharge directly into estuary/coastal waters and Thornham WwTW has been put into this category (table 2.2). In practice, Thornham discharges onto Eames Farm from where it flows through Little Deep, into Great Deep before discharging into the shellfish beds (already classified as "unfavourable") at Prinsted (Chichester Harbour) as in Page 61 para. 3.10.13. Page 21, Table 2.3 is incorrect. In its objectives (page 10), the report indicates that it should be considering any impact on shellfish. No impact on these shellfish beds seems to have been assessed.
Storm discharges and shellfish: the report (Page 61 para. 3.10.9) states that storm discharges have been a significant problem for the Thornham WwTW. However, it specifically excludes any consideration of storm discharges over this period (2020-2035). It does not assess the effect of large quantities of primary-treated sewage (filtered only) on the Eames Farm marshland or the Prinsted shellfish beds (Page 23 para. 2.2.12, Page 25 para. 2.2.19). The AMEC report seems to suggest that the discharges processed through Thornham WwTW will have a minimal affect. This observation does not take into account, the very large levels of (Grade 1) untreated storm discharge.
Data: There are significant areas, where Thornham WwTW's data has not been provided and National Average data used instead.
Objectives not met: Page 9 Objective "investigate demonstrably deliverable ways of dealing with Wastewater treatment capacity". The MWH Report (2010) page 17 clearly indicates that expansion of Thornham WwTW was not viable. No comment or way of dealing with capacity limitation has been investigated.
Clear statements of exactly what additional works and what realistic dates are required.
5.69-5.72 , Section 9.1 of the Surface Water and Foul Drainage SPD and its referenced Headroom Tables are out of date, need to be updated, and its guidance amplified, to cover the timescale of the Local Plan Review 2019 to 2035 and the impact of future housing development.
Reasoning
Headroom Table 2 of the Water Quality Assessment Report states that as at 31st October 2018 the Estimated remaining headroom (households) was 1,020. This is well below the combined Southbourne and neighbouring West Sussex parishes Local Plan Review planned housing development numbers without even taking into account that Thornham WwTW also serves the Emsworth area in Hampshire which is is the subject of increased and significant additional housing development.
This issue is of particular importance given the large scale development proposed for the Southbourne Parish under the Local Plan Review, that this SPD is "a material consideration when assessing planning applications or appeals for any new dwelling(s)" and that the Local Plan Review itself states that "measures will need to be put in place at each WwTW and their associated catchments and sewer networks in order to tackle current and future water quality issues to support future housing growth." These measures include "Upgrades to physical capacity and Upgrades to sewer networks".

5.72, Policy S31 states that "Proposals for development within the Plan area should be able to demonstrate no adverse impact upon the quality of receiving waters" It is proposed that this statement should be amended to be clearer and more appropriate to local circumstances, as follows: "Proposals for development within the Plan area must be able to demonstrate no adverse impact upon the quality of receiving waters including with regard to the capacity and condition of existing wastewater and sewage systems, local storm discharge risk and the capacity of the Wastewater Treatment Works. The Council as planning authority will look to satisfy itself on these matters including to ensure sufficient capacity within the relevant Wastewater Treatment Works before the delivery of development as required."
Reasoning
The referenced Surface Water and Foul Drainage SPD is out of date and insufficiently clear and rigorous in its guidance and requirements. The SPD needs strengthened with regard to new development requirements and potential adverse impacts on Chichester Harbour AONB, on the small watercourses feeding into the Harbour waters, given known local problems with the sewer network (as referenced in Para. 2.4) e.g. at Nutbourne, and as Para. 2.3 of the Surface Water and Foul Drainage SPD states "The condition of the water environment is not currently good enough to meet the required standards (of the European Water Framework Directive). Policy AL13 for Southbourne Parish also states that "Development will be expected to address the following requirements (including), !6. Ensure sufficient capacity within the relevant Wastewater Treatment Works (i.e. Thornham) before the delivery of development as required".

Characteristics of the Plan

Proposed Supplementary Planning Guidance
Object
Objection is raised to the use of the term East-West Corridor with regard to west of the City of Chichester. The use of the term corridor implies the focus of policy is on transport and through movement to the detriment of a more balanced focus on local settlement, existing residential, local countryside and amenity issues.

There is a lack of vision, clarity and coherence of planning policy towards the Bourne Villages, their character and the surrounding countryside that lies between the South Downs National Park and Chichester Harbour AONB. The current piecemeal policies approach that focuses on the individual settlements and individual thematic policies is detrimental to the coherence and effectiveness of planning policy, the character of these settlements and their surroundings and to the South Downs National Park and Chichester Harbour AONB.
The Preferred Approach fails to take account of the potential impact arising as a result of the scale of proposed allocations. The adopted Chichester Local Plan Key Policies 2014 - 2029 document allocated a total of 620 additional houses: Westbourne 45, Southbourne/Nutbourne 350, Chidham & Hambrook 35, Bosham 70 and Fishbourne 70. The Review Document proposes additional housing allocations (minimum) at Southbourne 1250 houses, Chidham & Hambrook 500, Fishbourne 250, Broadbridge/Bosham 250 - a total of 2,250 additional houses, an increase of + 246% over previous allocations and with these villages taking a 46% share of proposed additional allocations in the Local Plan Review area.
The absence of a Countryside Settlement Gaps Policy at Local Plan Review stage is regretted and one is only verbally promised for June 2019. The lack of a coherent vision for the Bourne Villages is at odds with the approach taken to other Chichester areas and their communities which is reflected in a statement made by Cllr Tony Dignum (Leader of CDC) on 18 October 2018 in the Chichester Observer: "there is no doubt that we live and work in one of the most beautiful areas of the country and we want to keep it that way. We aim to deliver improvements within our city and towns so that our area continues to be one of the best places to live, work, and visit in the UK. These improvements are being expressed through 'vision' projects for the city and for each of our towns" (Selsey, Midhurst and Petworth are cited as examples).
There is at least an equally strong case for there to be a vision for the Bourne Villages, the band of settlements, countryside and amenity land that lies between Emsworth and Chichester, the South Downs National Park and Chichester Harbour AONB. Not to have a coherent vision for this area is detrimental to the Bourne villages and to the neighbouring areas. Much of the character of these settlements, especially Southbourne, derives from the wider area within which they are situated.
1 Chichester District Council should prepare Supplementary Planning Guidance on a vision for the Bourne Villages, comprising Westbourne, Lumley, Hermitage, Prinsted, Southbourne, Nutbourne, Chidham, Hambrook, Bosham and Fishbourne, the surrounding countryside and their relationship with neighbouring Emsworth/Havant, the City of Chichester, the South Downs National Park and Chichester Harbour AONB.
2 The use of the term East-West Corridor with regard to west of the City of Chichester be restricted and only be used for transport issues and the A27 itself, and not be applied to the Bourne Villages and their surroundings..
The above comments/representations also relate to the following Plan references:
i) Page/para nos: page 22 §2.29
Policy reference: Character of the Plan Area.

ii) Page/para nos: p24 - 25; §3.3 - §3.10
Policy reference: Spatial Vision & Strategic Objectives: East-West Corridor
iii) Page/para p35
Policy reference: Spatial Strategy - Policy S3: Development Strategy
iv) Page/para nos: p82 - 84; §5.34 - §5.42 & §5.44
Policy reference: Strategic Policies - Countryside S24: Coast S25
v) Page/para nos: p 92; §6.4 - §6.6
Policy reference: Strategic Development - S32

Object

Local Plan Review: Preferred Approach 2016-2035

Representation ID: 2540

Received: 07/02/2019

Respondent: Chichester Harbour Trust

Representation:

Welcome para 3.7 however plan proposals make this hard to achieve. W of Chichester should be treated holistically

Full text:

We object to the allocation site at Highgrove Farm, Bosham with approximately 13 ha of open countryside allocated to a minimum of 250 houses.

This development in the countryside directly conflicts with policy S24 Countryside and Policy S26 the Natural Environment; which clearly states there should be no adverse impact on the openness of views in and around the coast, designated environmental areas (i.e. the AONB) and the setting of the South Downs National Park. The proposed development at Highgrove Farm directly contradicts these policies.

We strongly believe that this development would cause irretrievable harm to the landscape character, setting and context of Chichester Harbour AONB and the intervisibility with the South Downs National Park. We feel that the measures proposed within the policy would not be able to sufficiently mitigate for the damage this development would cause.